生态产品价值实现机制的理论基础:热力学,景感学,经济学与区块链
Theories on Value Realization Mechanism of Ecological Product: Thermodynamics, Landsenseology, Economics and Block Chain
DOI:
中文关键词:  生态产品价值  热力学  景感学  经济学  区块链
英文关键词:Ecological Product Value  Thermodynamics  Landsenseology  Economics  Block Chain
基金项目:(71673029)资助This work was supported by the Beijing Municipal Science Technology Commission (Z181100009618030), the Projects of Sino-Italia International Cooperation of National Natural Science Foundation (71861137001), the Fund for Innovative Research Group of the National Natural Science Foundation of China (51721093) and the National Natural Science Foundation of China (71673029).
作者单位E-mail
刘耕源 北京师范大学环境学院 liugengyuan@bnu.edu.cn 
王 硕 自然资源部测绘发展研究中心  
颜宁聿 北京师范大学环境学院  
孟凡鑫 北京师范大学环境学院  
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中文摘要:
      当前,生态产品价值实现探索实践中面临着生态系统服务度量难、核算难、货币化难、交易难等基础性难题,导致生态产品价值核算体系不统一、生态产品市场交易机制不完善、各类生态产品交易平台不规范、绿色金融滞后、绿色发展市场化激励机制不足等问题。本研究从最关键的生态产品价值理论出发,梳理生态产品价值实现困境的根源和理论基础,并尝试提出可能的多元核算方法与热力学、景感学、经济学相结合的实践解决路径,并形成不同单位的统一核算标的物。通过探索利用区块链、大数据等科技赋能生态产品价值实现,提出构建生态资产加密数字货币化的可能性,并进一步形成不同生态产品的价格形成机制、成本监审制度和价格调整机制,完善生态产品市场交易机制,建立统一的生态产品交易平台,促进绿色金融发展,推动自然资源管理能力现代化。
英文摘要:
      The current explorations and practices of the ecological products value realization are still faced with several fundamental problems, such as the difficulty in benchmarking performance, accounting methods, monetization, and trading schemes, which lead to inconsistent ecological product value accounting framework, imperfect ecological product market trading mechanisms, and inadequate market-oriented incentives for green development. This study starts from the value theory, sorts out the roots of realizing the ecological products value, and tries to propose a multi-objective accounting method and to form different unified accounting subject matters combined with the theory of thermodynamics, landsenseology, and economics. By exploring the use of blockchain and big data technologies to empower the realization of ecological products value, the digital encryption currency of ecological capital and services is proposed. Furthermore, the price formation mechanism, the cost monitoring system and the price adjustment mechanism for different ecological products are needed. This study suggests to improve the ecological product market trading mechanism, establish a unified ecological product trading platform, promote the development of green finance, and promote the modernization of natural resource management capabilities.
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