薛英岚,张鸿宇,郝春旭,刘碧云,杜芸,蒋洪强,杨洁,张岩岩,张静.污染场地风险管控环境经济政策体系:国外经验与本土实践[J].中国环境管理,2021,13(5):135-142
污染场地风险管控环境经济政策体系:国外经验与本土实践
Environmental Economic Policy System for Risk Management of Contaminated Sites: Foreign Experience and Local Practice
DOI:10.16868/j.cnki.1674-6252.2021.05.135
中文关键词:  污染场地  风险管控  环境经济政策  土壤污染  投融资模式
英文关键词:contaminated site  risk control  environmental economic policy  soil pollution  investment and financing model
基金项目:国家重点研发计划场地土壤污染成因与治理技术专项“污染场地风险管控机制与经济政策技术体系研究”项目(2020YFC1807500)。
作者单位E-mail
薛英岚 生态环境部环境规划院国家环境保护环境规划与政策模拟重点实验室, 北京 100012
中国科学院科技战略咨询研究院, 北京 100190 
 
张鸿宇 生态环境部环境规划院国家环境保护环境规划与政策模拟重点实验室, 北京 100012
天津大学环境科学与工程学院, 天津 300350 
 
郝春旭 生态环境部环境规划院国家环境保护环境规划与政策模拟重点实验室, 北京 100012  
刘碧云 南京工业大学, 南京 211800  
杜芸 南京工业大学, 南京 211800  
蒋洪强 生态环境部环境规划院国家环境保护环境规划与政策模拟重点实验室, 北京 100012  
杨洁 南京工业大学, 南京 211800  
张岩岩 南京工业大学, 南京 211800  
张静 生态环境部环境规划院国家环境保护环境规划与政策模拟重点实验室, 北京 100012 zhangjing@caep.org.cn 
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中文摘要:
      快速城市化和工业化给我国带来了大量的场地污染问题,污染场地修复和风险管控成为国土资源可持续利用的重要领域,创新土壤污染防治经济政策,充分发挥市场调节作用是土壤污染防治的内在要求,是破解土壤生态环境问题、推进土壤污染防治管理转型的重要支撑。本文从经济政策的体系、投融资模式与机制等方面展开,对美国、德国、荷兰等发达国家的污染场地风险管控环境经济政策进行了梳理分析,总结其可借鉴的成功经验;介绍了我国污染场地风险管控环境经济政策实施现状,最终从完善调控体系、明晰权责归属、拓宽资金来源、规范资金运营、丰富投融资模式、探索费用效益分析机制等方面提出我国污染场地风险管控环境经济政策体系的改进建议。
英文摘要:
      Rapid urbanization and industrialization have brought a large number of site pollution problems in China, and the remediation and risk control of contaminated sites have become an important area for the sustainable use of national land resources. Innovative economic policies for soil pollution prevention and control and giving full play to the role of market regulation are the inherent requirements for soil pollution prevention and control, and are important supports for solving soil ecological and environmental problems and promoting the transformation of soil pollution prevention and control management. The formulation of scientific and effective risk management and environmental economic policies will be particularly critical to increase the use of limited funds for the restoration of contaminated sites. This paper carries out a detailed review of the environmental and economic policies of risk management and control for contaminated sites in developed countries, discussed the scope of policy management, investment and financing mechanisms, and typical cases. Secondly, this paper introduces the current implementation status of China's pollution site risk management and environmental economic policies, analyzes and summarizes the differences of policy system between China and developed countries at the implementation process. Finally, based on the successful experience of developed countries' risk management and control economic policies, this paper proposes suggestions for the improvement of the environmental economic policy system for risk control of contaminated sites in China.
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