刘桂环,王夏晖,文一惠,谢婧,张逸凡,华妍妍,朱媛媛,郝春旭.近20年我国生态补偿研究进展与实践模式[J].中国环境管理,2021,13(5):109-118
近20年我国生态补偿研究进展与实践模式
Research Progress, Policy Evolution and Practice of Ecological Compensation in China in the Past 20 Years
DOI:10.16868/j.cnki.1674-6252.2021.05.109
中文关键词:  生态补偿  研究热点  政策脉络  实践模式  未来展望
英文关键词:ecological protection compensation  research progress spot  policy evolution  practice mode  future prospect
基金项目:国家重点研发计划课题“生态补偿模式、标准核算与政策措施”(2016YFC0503405),水体污染控制与治理科技重大专项课题(2018ZX07301007、2018ZX07111001)。
作者单位E-mail
刘桂环 生态环境部环境规划院生态环境补偿研究中心, 北京 100012  
王夏晖 生态环境部环境规划院生态环境补偿研究中心, 北京 100012  
文一惠 生态环境部环境规划院生态环境补偿研究中心, 北京 100012 wenyh@caep.org.cn 
谢婧 生态环境部环境规划院生态环境补偿研究中心, 北京 100012  
张逸凡 生态环境部环境规划院生态环境补偿研究中心, 北京 100012  
华妍妍 生态环境部环境规划院生态环境补偿研究中心, 北京 100012  
朱媛媛 生态环境部环境规划院生态环境补偿研究中心, 北京 100012  
郝春旭 生态环境部环境规划院生态环境补偿研究中心, 北京 100012  
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中文摘要:
      本研究通过对20年来我国生态补偿相关文献的发文数量、重要文献等进行统计,采用文献检索和文献计量等方法,分析我国在生态补偿研究区域、研究领域、关键环节等方面的研究趋势,并基于政策变迁视角,从政策的制定思路、政策文本形式以及政策执行主体等维度来探究我国生态补偿20年政策发展历程,提炼出具有中国特色的生态补偿模式的形成过程。结果显示,热点领域和热点区域研究直接受政策导向影响,区域重大战略催生区域生态补偿研究呈井喷式增长,生态补偿政策实践力度大、范围广、领域多,制度设计从分散体现走向精准聚焦,补偿领域从单点起步走向全面布局,补偿模式由自上而下走向多元参与。随着我国生态文明建设迈入新征程,展望生态补偿未来改革和创新路径,建议围绕“全面”“综合”“多元”“民生”等核心关键词,探索基于多学科交叉的创新性研究,将生态补偿的研究进一步与制度创新、技术创新等相结合,以法制化、多元化、市场化和信息化为核心,推动生态补偿向更加立体、更加纵深和更加系统的方向发展。
英文摘要:
      This study reviews numerous pieces of literature related to eco-compensation in China over the past 20 years, and analyzes the research trends in the pilot area, research fields, and key links of eco-compensation in China based on literature retrieval and bibliometric analysis. Then it explores the 20-year evolution of eco-compensation policy in China from the perspective of policy formulation, policy form, and policy implementation subject, and extracts the formation process of eco-compensation model with Chinese characteristics. It is implied that the research on domain regions and hot fields is directly stimulated by the policy guidance; major regional strategies can promote the rapid growth of regional eco-compensation research. The practices of eco-compensation policy are intense and cover wide scopes and various fields. The institutional design has been evolved from decentralized to accurate and focused. The compensation fields are moved from single-point towards comprehensive. And the compensation modes are transformed from the top-down mode to bringing in multiple participation. As the ecological civilization is stepping into a new era in China, which calls for further reform and innovation of eco-compensation, it is recommended to focus on keywords such as comprehensiveness, synthesis, diversification, and people's livelihood. Innovative research based on multidisciplinary approaches should be explored. Eco-compensation research should be further integrated with institutional and technological innovation. Taking legalization, diversification, marketization and informatization as the main development orientation, eco-compensation should be promoted towards a more three-dimensional, in-depth and systematic direction.
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