郑逸璇,宋晓晖,周佳,许艳玲,林民松,牟雪洁,薛文博,陈潇君,蔡博峰,雷宇,严刚.减污降碳协同增效的关键路径与政策研究[J].中国环境管理,2021,13(5):45-51
减污降碳协同增效的关键路径与政策研究
Synergetic Control of Environmental Pollution and Carbon Emissions: Pathway and Policy
DOI:10.16868/j.cnki.1674-6252.2021.05.045
中文关键词:  减污降碳协同增效  环境污染  二氧化碳排放
英文关键词:synergetic control of environmental pollution and carbon emission  environmental pollution  CO2 emission
基金项目:国家自然科学基金面上项目“基于排放情景—空气质量模型的中国城市‘双达’评估方法研究”(72074154)。
作者单位E-mail
郑逸璇 生态环境部环境规划院空气质量模拟与系统分析中心, 北京 100012  
宋晓晖 生态环境部环境规划院碳达峰碳中和研究中心, 北京 100012  
周佳 生态环境部环境规划院生态环境管理与政策研究所, 北京 100012  
许艳玲 生态环境部环境规划院空气质量模拟与系统分析中心, 北京 100012  
林民松 生态环境部环境规划院生态环境投资与产业综合研究所, 北京 100012  
牟雪洁 生态环境部环境规划院生态保护修复规划研究所, 北京 100012  
薛文博 生态环境部环境规划院空气质量模拟与系统分析中心, 北京 100012  
陈潇君 生态环境部环境规划院碳达峰碳中和研究中心, 北京 100012  
蔡博峰 生态环境部环境规划院碳达峰碳中和研究中心, 北京 100012  
雷宇 生态环境部环境规划院空气质量模拟与系统分析中心, 北京 100012
生态环境部环境规划院碳达峰碳中和研究中心, 北京 100012 
 
严刚 生态环境部环境规划院空气质量模拟与系统分析中心, 北京 100012
生态环境部环境规划院碳达峰碳中和研究中心, 北京 100012 
yangang@caep.org.cn 
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中文摘要:
      全面推动实现减污降碳协同增效是新发展阶段我国兑现碳达峰碳中和庄严承诺、深入打好污染防治攻坚战、建设美丽中国的必然要求。环境污染物与二氧化碳排放的高度同源性是实现减污降碳协同增效的理论基础。本文首先就目标指标、管控区域、控制对象、措施任务、政策工具五个方面的协同性系统讨论了减污降碳协同增效的基本内涵。其次,着眼于当前大气环境治理与碳减排在中国的重要性,本文在国家层面讨论了二者的中长期协同控制路线图,阐述了重点协同区域的识别方法和重点部门的协同治理思路,系统提出了大气环境治理与碳减排的协同路径。再次,本文还就“无废城市”建设和生态保护这两个领域与碳减排的协同治理思路展开分析讨论。最后,针对减污降碳协同治理对政策体系的需求,提出了统筹优化减污降碳协同目标、建立协同法规标准、建立减污降碳协同管理制度三个方面的建议。本研究将有助于厘清各方对减污降碳协同增效的认识,对各级政府后续推进减污降碳协同治理工作提供理论和科学基础。
英文摘要:
      China has entered the new development stage. To fulfill the carbon peaking and carbon neutrality target and the Beautiful China target, it is essential to control environmental pollution and CO2 emissions synergistically. The theoretical basis for implementing the synergetic control is the fact that environmental pollutants and CO2 emissions generally share the same sources (homology). This study first introduces the basic idea of the synergetic control framework of environmental pollution and CO2 emissions by discussing synergies between the two issues in five main aspects, including overall targets, key regions, major sectors, control measures, and supporting policies. Given the importance of controlling air pollution and CO2 emissions in China at the current stage, the synergetic control pathway of the two issues is systematically proposed in this study:the mid-to-long-term synergetic control pathway of the two at the national level is introduced; the method for identifying key regions for synergetic control is introduced; and the strategies for conducting synergetic control in major sectors are proposed. The synergies between CO2 abatements and the construction of "waste-free cities", and the synergies between CO2 abatements and ecological protection are also analyzed and discussed, respectively. To build a policy system that can effectively support synergetic control, suggestions are proposed to increase the synergies between environmental governance and carbon mitigation in terms of target planning, laws, regulations, and standards, and management mechanisms.This study will help clarify the understanding of the synergetic control of environmental pollution and CO2 emissions. It will also provide the theoretical and scientific basis for implementing synergetic control of environmental pollution and CO2 emissions by Chinese governments at all levels.
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