王金南,秦昌波,万军,熊善高,苏洁琼,肖旸.国家生态环境保护规划发展历程及展望[J].中国环境管理,2021,13(5):21-28,20
国家生态环境保护规划发展历程及展望
Progress and Prospect of the National Eco-Environmental Planning in China
DOI:10.16868/j.cnki.1674-6252.2021.05.021
中文关键词:  生态环境规划  综合规划  规划历程  空间管控  美丽中国
英文关键词:eco-environmental planning  comprehensive planning  planning process  space control  Beautiful China
基金项目:国家财政项目“国家生态环境保护规划研究”(2110105)。
作者单位E-mail
王金南 生态环境部环境规划院美丽中国研究中心, 北京 100012  
秦昌波 生态环境部环境规划院美丽中国研究中心, 北京 100012 qincb@caep.org.cn 
万军 生态环境部环境规划院美丽中国研究中心, 北京 100012  
熊善高 生态环境部环境规划院美丽中国研究中心, 北京 100012  
苏洁琼 生态环境部环境规划院美丽中国研究中心, 北京 100012  
肖旸 生态环境部环境规划院美丽中国研究中心, 北京 100012  
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中文摘要:
      伴随着生态环境保护和生态文明建设工作不断发展,中国的生态环境规划经过近45年的探索发展,规划理念与时俱进,规划层级不断提升,规划体系不断优化,规划技术方法不断探索实践,生态环境规划的发展对促进生态文明建设工作、系统谋划环境污染治理,改善生态环境质量发挥了重要作用,但还存在着五年综合规划统领作用未有效发挥、规划实施管理较为薄弱、规划技术支撑不足等问题。在生态文明建设进入到以降碳为重点战略方向、推动减污降碳协同增效、促进经济社会发展全面绿色转型、实现生态环境质量改善由量变到质变、美丽中国建设起步开局的关键时期,生态环境规划要健全规划体系、强化规划空间属性、建立全过程实施管理体系,提升规划编制实施管理水平,进一步发挥规划的基础性、统领性、战略性和创新性作用,促进美丽中国建设目标早日实现。
英文摘要:
      Along with the continuous development of ecological civilization construction and ecological environment protection, China's eco-environmental planning has been developed after nearly 45 years of exploration and development. The planning theory, planning level, planning system and planning methods has been improved and optimized with the practice process. The development of ecoenvironmental planning has played an important role in promoting the construction of ecological civilization and integrated planning of pollution control, and improving ecological and environmental quality. However, there are still problems, such as the ineffectiveness of the Five-Year Plan for the protection of ecological environment in playing a leading role, weakness in the plan implementation and management, as well as the need to strengthen the technical support of planning. At present, the construction of ecological civilization has entered a key period in further assisting the construction of a Beautiful China, holding the reduction in carbon emission as a critical strategic direction, promoting the synergistic decrease in pollutants and carbon emission and the comprehensive green transformation of economic and social development, to achieve the improvement of ecological and environmental quality from quantitative to qualitative change. In this context, the eco-environmental planning is supposed to improve the planning system, strengthen the spatial attributes of planning, establish the whole process management system for implementation, enhance the planning management, and further play the essential, leading, strategic, and innovative role of planning, to achieve the goal of building a Beautiful China as soon as possible.
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