卫乐乐.突发环境事件应对中信息公开制度的完善[J].中国环境管理,2021,13(4):135-142
突发环境事件应对中信息公开制度的完善
Improvement of Information Disclosure System in Response to Environmental Emergencies
DOI:10.16868/j.cnki.1674-6252.2021.04.135
中文关键词:  信息公开  突发环境事件  谣言  法律制度
英文关键词:information disclosure  environmental emergencies  rumor  legal system
基金项目:教育部人文社会科学研究项目青年项目“我国核能开发中风险沟通的法律制度建构研究”(18YJC820065);国家社科基金项目“跨区域生态修复法律责任分担机制研究”(18BFX182);常州大学项目“环境群体事件应对视角下的风险沟通制度研究”(ZMF18020040);江苏省高校哲学社会科学基金一般项目“我国核风险沟通法律制度的构建研究”(2018SJA1744)。
作者单位
卫乐乐 常州大学史良法学院, 江苏常州 213164 
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中文摘要:
      近年来我国突发环境事件频发,给经济社会带来了严重影响。对突发环境事件的应对,暴露出信息公开不及时、不充分,对谣言回应不及时等不足。此外,谣言的广泛存在与传播,使得突发环境事件应对效果难以实现最大化。产生这种情况是因为突发环境事件应对中,信息公开法律规定与实践不足、信息传播不对称与集体行为等。对此,体系化的信息公开法律制度建设与完善显得尤为重要。为减少突发环境事件中因信息公开不足及谣言产生的危害,我们一方面需要通过扩大信息公开主体范围、明确信息公开程序、对象等措施强化信息公开制度建设,另一方面需要开展谣言与集体行为方面的研究,为突发环境事件的应对提供有效支撑。
英文摘要:
      In recent years, frequent environmental emergencies in China have brought serious adverse effects to the economy and society. In the process of dealing with environmental emergencies, it is revealed that the information disclosure is not timely and sufficient, and the response to rumors is not timely in the process of governance. In addition, the widespread existence and dissemination of rumors makes it difficult to maximize the response to environmental emergencies. This situation is caused by insufficient legal provisions and practices of information disclosure in response to environmental emergencies, asymmetric information dissemination and collective behavior. In this regard, systematic legal system construction and improvement of information disclosure is particularly important. To effectively deal with the harm caused by insufficient information disclosure and rumors in environmental emergencies, on the one hand, we need to strengthen the legal construction of information disclosure, by expanding the scope of information disclosure subjects, clarifying information disclosure procedures and objects. On the other hand, we need to carry out research on rumors and collective behavior to provide effective support for responding to environmental emergencies.
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