杨杨,李金荣,陈廷贵.长江中上游流域重点水域禁捕补偿政策满意度及影响因素研究[J].中国环境管理,2021,13(4):111-118
长江中上游流域重点水域禁捕补偿政策满意度及影响因素研究
Research on Satisfaction Degree and Influencing Factors of Compensation Policy for Fishing Ban in Key Waters of Upper and Middle Reaches of the Yangtze River Basin
DOI:10.16868/j.cnki.1674-6252.2021.04.111
中文关键词:  政策满意度  影响因素  长江禁捕  重点水域
英文关键词:policy satisfaction  influencing factors  fishing ban in the Yangtze River Basin  key waters
基金项目:教育部人文社会科学研究规划基金项目“长江流域重点水域禁捕补偿政策影响研究”(20YJA790081)。
作者单位
杨杨 上海海洋大学海洋文化与法律学院, 上海 201306
长江水域生态保护战略研究中心, 上海 201306 
李金荣 上海海洋大学海洋文化与法律学院, 上海 201306 
陈廷贵 长江水域生态保护战略研究中心, 上海 201306
上海海洋大学经济管理学院, 上海 201306 
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中文摘要:
      本文以赤水河和长江洪湖段233名退捕渔民为调查对象,基于偏最小二乘结构方程模型,从家庭禀赋、政策认知、政策执行三个维度构建禁捕补偿政策满意度模型,探究其影响因素和影响路径。研究结果表明:经济资本和社会资本对家庭禀赋具有显著的正向影响,人力资本和自然资本对家庭禀赋的影响未通过显著性检验;从路径系数来看,家庭禀赋、政策认知和政策执行三个维度对禁捕补偿政策满意度的路径系数分别是0.264、0.198和0.435;从中介效应来看,家庭禀赋通过政策认知间接影响政策满意度。基于此,本文认为建立多元化禁捕补偿制度、确保按时发放补偿资金、切实提高退捕渔民受教育水平、积极开拓渔民转产转业渠道可以进一步提升禁捕补偿政策满意度,确保长江大保护政策实施效果。
英文摘要:
      233 retired fishermen were investigated, who live in Chishui River and Honghu River of the Yangtze River Basin. Based on the partial least squares structural equation model, a satisfaction model of compensation policy for fishing ban was constructed from three dimensions of family endowment, policy cognition and policy implementation, and its influencing factors and influencing paths were explored. The results showed that economic capital and social capital had a significant positive effect on family endowment, while human capital and natural capital did not pass the significance test. From the perspective of path coefficient, the path coefficient of the three dimensions of family endowment, policy cognition and policy implementation to policy satisfaction was 0.262, 0.198 and 0.435 respectively. From the perspective of mediation effect, family endowment indirectly affects policy satisfaction through policy cognition. Establishing a diversified fishing ban compensation system to ensure timely payment of compensation funds, effectively improving the education level of fishermen, and actively exploring the channels for fishermen to different industries can further enhance the satisfaction of the compensation policy, so as to ensure the effectiveness of the Yangtze River conservation policy.
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