吴静.环保社会组织依法参与生物多样性保护的困难检视与路径优化[J].中国环境管理,2021,13(4):42-50
环保社会组织依法参与生物多样性保护的困难检视与路径优化
Difficulties and Path Optimization of Environmental Social Organizations' Participating in Biodiversity Conservation According to Law
DOI:10.16868/j.cnki.1674-6252.2021.04.042
中文关键词:  环保社会组织  参与  生物多样性保护
英文关键词:environmental social organizations  participation  biodiversity
基金项目:国家社会科学基金重大项目“整体系统观下生物多样性保护的法律规制研究”(19ZDA162);司法部法治建设与法学理论研究部级科研项目“整体系统观下生物安全法律体系研究”(20SFB3026)。
作者单位
吴静 澳门科技大学法学院, 中国澳门 999078 
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中文摘要:
      环保社会组织作为政府与公民之间的桥梁成为生物多样性保护多元参与机制的重要一环,生物多样性的内在特性与时代法治特征也推动着环保社会组织的参与。但当前环保社会组织参与生物多样性保护面临着规范体系不健全、规范运行机制不稳固、参与保护效果稳定性不足的困境,主要源于公私主体意识对立、自然资源法律体制机制未完善、环保社会组织持续能力建设有待加强三个因素,其根源在于我国对于生物多样性保护与利用的认识程度以及反映到规范政策与法律运行的适应程度。应将基于自然的解决方案作为生物多样性保护指导思路,综合包容多样利益方,优化生物多样性保护整体规制运行。具体来说,通过优化整合生物多样性保护规范体制中环保社会组织规范结构、参与运行机制、持续性功能发展机制,逐步规范环保社会组织在生物多样性规范机制中的位置与路径,从而实质推进我国生物多样性保护多元参与体制的构建与完善。
英文摘要:
      As a bridge between the government and the citizens, the environmental protection social organizations become an important link in the multi-participation mechanism of biodiversity conservation, the inherent characteristics of biodiversity and the rule of law characteristics of the times also promote the participation of environmental protection social organizations. However, at present, the environmental protection social organizations are faced with the difficulties of imperfect normative system, unstable normative operation mechanism and insufficient stability of participating in the protection of biodiversity, mainly due to three factors: the opposition of public and private subject consciousness, the imperfect legal system and mechanism of natural resources, and the sustainable capacity building of environmental protection social organizations needs to be strengthened. The root of this problem lies in the understanding of biodiversity conservation and utilization in China and its adaptation to the operation of normative policies and laws. The “Nature-based solution” should be taken as the guideline of biodiversity conservation, including the multi-stakeholders, and optimizing the whole regulation of biodiversity conservation. Specifically, through the optimization and integration of the biodiversity conservation regulatory system in the environmental protection social organizations to regulate the open line, participate in the operation mechanism, sustainable functional development mechanism, gradually standardize the position and path of environmental protection social organizations in the biodiversity regulatory mechanism, so as to substantially promote the construction and improvement of China's biodiversity conservation multi-participation system.
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