杜辉,吕伟.生物多样性保护中模糊治理的解释与展开[J].中国环境管理,2021,13(4):29-34
生物多样性保护中模糊治理的解释与展开
Explanation and Spreading Path of Fuzzy Management in Biodiversity Conservation
DOI:10.16868/j.cnki.1674-6252.2021.04.029
中文关键词:  生物多样性  模糊治理  复杂性治理  整体系统观
英文关键词:biodiversity  fuzzy governance  complexity governance  holistic system view
基金项目:国家社科基金重大项目“整体系统观下生物多样性保护的法律规制研究”(19ZDA162);中央高校基本科研业务费科研专项重大项目“国家治理体系与法治发展协调互动机制研究”(2020CDJSK08ZH06);中央高校基本科研业务费“面向共治格局的法治形态及其展开”(2021CDJSKCG06)。
作者单位E-mail
杜辉 重庆大学法学院, 重庆 400044  
吕伟 重庆大学法学院, 重庆 400044
重庆大学西部环境资源法制建设研究中心, 重庆 400044 
lvwei199@163.com 
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中文摘要:
      面向复杂的生态环境系统,将生物多样性保护的全部要素在短时间内全部加以规则化、制度化可能会带来高昂的制度转型成本并形成负面反馈,延长有效治理的时限。生物多样性保护的复杂性、生物安全事件的突发性都需要治理系统快速做出反应,提供弹性、包容的治理机制。模糊治理的嵌入可以对精细化治理形成有效补充。这一模式将打破行政主体的关系限制,突破行政区域地理的空间限制,推进生物多样性保护协调行动。要完成这一任务,既需要完善清晰、可预测的生物多样性制度框架,为模糊治理提供规则条件,也需要适度模糊治理主体的组织关系,为模糊治理提供机制条件,还需要完善生物多样性治理的层级网络,模糊治理区域的地域关系,为模糊治理提供策略条件。
英文摘要:
      Facing a complex ecological environment system, regularizing and institutionalizing all the elements of biodiversity conservation in a short period of time may bring high transformation system costs and form negative feedback, extending the time limit for effective governance. The complexity of biodiversity conservation and the suddenness of biosecurity incidents require the governance system to respond quickly and provide flexible and inclusive governance mechanism. The embedding of “fuzzy governance” can form an effective supplement to refined governance. This model will break the restrictions on the relationship of administrative subjects, break through the geographical restrictions of administrative regions, promote coordinated actions for biodiversity conservation. In order to accomplish this task, first, it is necessary to improve a clear and predictable biological diversity institutional framework to provide rules and conditions for fuzzy governance. Second, it is also necessary to obscure the organizational relationships of governance subjects to provide mechanism conditions for fuzzy governance. Last, it is essential to improve biodiversity hierarchical network and blur the geographical relationship of the governance area to provide strategic conditions.
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