王金南,王志凯,刘桂环,马国霞,王夏晖,赵云皓,程亮,文一惠,於方,杨武.生态产品第四产业理论与发展框架研究[J].中国环境管理,2021,13(4):5-13
生态产品第四产业理论与发展框架研究
A Framework Research of Theory and Its Practice of the Fourth Industry of Ecological Products
DOI:10.16868/j.cnki.1674-6252.2021.04.005
中文关键词:  生态产品  价值实现  第四产业  发展框架  生态产品指标
英文关键词:ecological products  value realization  the fourth industry  development framework  ecological product indicators
基金项目:国家重点研发计划课题“生态补偿模式、标准核算与政策措施”(2016YFC0503405);生态环境部环境规划院2021年青年科技创新基金“基于生态产品服务的第四产业发展框架研究”。
作者单位E-mail
王金南 生态环境部环境规划院生态产品与自然资本联合实验室, 100012 北京
浙江大学环境与资源学院, 310058, 浙江杭州 
 
王志凯 生态环境部环境规划院生态产品与自然资本联合实验室, 100012 北京  
刘桂环 生态环境部环境规划院生态产品与自然资本联合实验室, 100012 北京 liugh@caep.org.cn 
马国霞 生态环境部环境规划院生态产品与自然资本联合实验室, 100012 北京  
王夏晖 生态环境部环境规划院生态产品与自然资本联合实验室, 100012 北京  
赵云皓 生态环境部环境规划院生态产品与自然资本联合实验室, 100012 北京
浙江大学环境与资源学院, 310058, 浙江杭州 
 
程亮 生态环境部环境规划院生态产品与自然资本联合实验室, 100012 北京  
文一惠 生态环境部环境规划院生态产品与自然资本联合实验室, 100012 北京  
於方 生态环境部环境规划院生态产品与自然资本联合实验室, 100012 北京  
杨武 浙江大学环境与资源学院, 310058, 浙江杭州  
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中文摘要:
      建立健全生态产品价值实现机制是践行习近平生态文明思想的重要举措。随着“绿水青山就是金山银山”理念转化探索实践的不断深入,围绕生态产品供给和价值实现形成的新产业、新业态、新模式不断涌现,生态产品产业有望成为经济高质量发展的新动力和生态文明建设的新模式。本文基于生态产品价值实现的理论和实践,首次提出了生态产品第四产业的概念及内涵特征,初步分析了生态产品第四产业的形成机制和构成要素。结合不同市场属性生态产品的价值实现路径,初步梳理了生态产品第四产业形态,界定了其产业范围,设计了衡量生态产品第四产业核算与发展指标体系,并从供给、消费、交易和利益分配等维度提出了促进生态产品第四产业的政策保障。研究认为,我国生态产品第四产业发展具有很好的基础和前景,应以习近平生态文明思想为指导,加快完善生态产品价值实现机制,让生态产品第四产业发展成为我国新时期的朝阳绿色产业。
英文摘要:
      Establishing and improving the value realization mechanism of ecological products is a key measure to practice Xi Jinping's thoughts on ecological civilization. With the deepening of the transformational exploration practice of ‘Green is Gold', new industries and new models formed around the supply and realization of ecological products are emerging. The ecological product industry is expected to become a new driving force for high-quality economic development and a new model for the construction of ecological civilization. Based on the theory and practice of realizing the value of ecological products, this paper put forward the concept of the fourth industry of ecological products and its connotation characteristics, analyzes the formation mechanism and the components of the fourth industry of ecological products. Combined with the value realization path of ecological products of different market attributes, the fourth industry form of ecological products is combed, its industrial scope is defined, the index system for measuring the development of the fourth industry of ecological products is designed, and the policy guarantee of promoting the fourth industry of ecological products is put forward from the dimensions of supply, consumption, trading and benefit distribution. According to the research, the development of the fourth industry of ecological products in China has a good foundation and prospect. It should be guided by Xi Jinping's thoughts of ecological civilization to speed up the improvement of the value realization mechanism of ecological products, so that the development of the fourth industry of ecological products becomes a sunrise green industry in the new period of China.
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