苏淑仪,周玉玺,蔡威熙.农村生活污水与小流域水环境协同治理的规则型构——基于临沂“兰山模式”的实践样本[J].中国环境管理,2021,13(1):80-87
农村生活污水与小流域水环境协同治理的规则型构——基于临沂“兰山模式”的实践样本
Rule-Based Structure of Collaborative Governance of Rural Domestic Sewage and Small Watershed Water Environment: Based on the Practical Sample of “Lanshan Model” in Linyi
DOI:10.16868/j.cnki.1674-6252.2021.01.080
中文关键词:  农村生活污水  小流域水环境  协同治理  规则型构
英文关键词:rural domestic sewage  small watershed water environment  collaborative governance  regular structure
基金项目:国家社科基金项目(16BJY053);山东社科规划重点项目(19BZBJ03)。
作者单位E-mail
苏淑仪 山东农业大学经济管理学院, 山东泰安 271018  
周玉玺 山东农业大学公共管理学院, 山东泰安 271018 sofia612@163.com 
蔡威熙 山东农业大学经济管理学院, 山东泰安 271018  
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中文摘要:
      如何对农村地区的流域水环境进行高效而低成本的治理,是当前农村资源环境治理面临的挑战之一。本文以山东临沂市兰山区柳青河水环境污染治理作为典型案例,从规则型构视角剖析行动规则对“兰山模式”的作用机制。其中,边界规则打破了农村生活污水与小流域水环境资源治理的边界,企业等新行动主体的资金、技术的溢出效应提高了治理效率;身份规则改变了行动主体的参与动机,加强了多方主体间的交互作用;选择规则减少了多方治理主体的责任冲突;聚合规则弥补了农户在环境治理中的缺位。在四项行动规则的共同作用下,“兰山模式”实现了农村生活污水与小流域水环境的协同治理,是农村水环境治理的实践样本。
英文摘要:
      It is one of the challenges of the current rural resources and environmental governance that how to treat the water environment in rural areas efficiently and cost effectively. Taking the pollution treatment of Liuqing River that lies in Lanshan district, Linyi City, Shandong Province as a typical case-study, this paper analyzes the mechanism of action rules on the treatment effectiveness of the "Lanshan Model" from the perspective of rule-based structure. The results show that the boundary rules break the boundary between rural domestic sewage and water environment resource governance in small watersheds, the spillover effects of capital and technology from new participants like enterprises improves governance efficiency; the identity rules change the motivation of the actors, and strengthen the interaction between multiple stakeholders; the selection rules reduce the responsibility conflicts of multiparty governance, and the aggregation rules make up for the lack of peasants in environmental governance. Under the combined effect of the four action rules, the "Lanshan Model" achieved the coordinated governance of rural domestic sewage and water environment in small watersheds, which is a practical sample of rural water environment governance.
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