王红帅,董战峰.联合国可持续发展目标的评估与落实研究最新进展——目标关系的视角[J].中国环境管理,2020,12(6):88-94
联合国可持续发展目标的评估与落实研究最新进展——目标关系的视角
The Updated Research Progress of Evaluation and Implementation of Sustainable Development Goals——from the Perspective of Goal Relationship
DOI:10.16868/j.cnki.1674-6252.2020.06.088
中文关键词:  可持续发展目标  目标关系  监测评估  政策手段  文献研究
英文关键词:Sustainable Development Goals  goal relationship  monitoringandevaluation  policy means  literature research
基金项目:国家社科基金重大项目“健全充分发挥中央和地方两个积极性体制优势的实现机制研究”(20ZDA042);国家社科基金重大项目“中国各地HDI指数的编制和研究”(16ZDA009)。
作者单位E-mail
王红帅 清华大学公共管理学院, 北京 100084  
董战峰 生态环境部环境规划院, 北京 100012 dongzf@caep.org.cn 
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中文摘要:
      目标间关系是影响可持续发展目标执行的重要挑战。本文回顾了关于目标间权衡和协同关系的研究成果,梳理了既有研究中平衡目标间关系的评估方法以及可以促进多目标实现的政策创新手段,总结了影响监测评估和政策手段发挥作用的因素。研究发现:目标间普遍存在部分或整体性的权衡和协同关系;以综合指数法和事前评估法为代表的评估方法开始转向关注目标间复杂的联动关系;减贫、减排、土地政策以及清洁生产和多元利益主体协作机制对目标的整体实现有助益;监测评估作用的发挥受限于数据管理和绩效测量方法的选择,政策手段的效果在一定程度上受到治理能力和既有制度安排的影响。最后,对未来中国落实可持续发展目标提出了展望和建议,要确立中国可持续发展目标间的整体关系,加强对目标执行和实现的事前评估能力,将更多本土化的SDGs指标纳入国家中长期发展规划。
英文摘要:
      The relationship between goals is an important challenge affecting the implementation of Sustainable Development Goals. This paper reviews the research results on the trade-off and synergy relationship among goals, and tries to sort out the evaluation methods balancing the relationship between goals in the existing research and the policy means that can promote the realization of multi-goals. At the same time, this paper summarizes the factors that may limit the role of monitoring and evaluation and policy means. It is found that there is a partial or holistic trade-off and synergy among the goals, and the evaluation methods represented by the Composite Index method and the Ex-Ante Evaluation method begin to pay attention to the complex linkage relationship between the goals. As for the policy means, poverty reduction, emission reduction, land policy, cleaner production and Multi-stakeholder Initiatives are conducive to the overall realization of the goals. However, the role of evaluation is limited by data management and the choice of performance measurement methods, and the effectiveness of policy means is also be affected by governance capacity and existing emission reduction institution to some extent. Finally, this study puts forward prospects and suggestions for China's implementation of SDGs in the future, clarifying the overall relationship between China's Sustainable Development Goals; strengthening the ability to evaluate the implementation and realization of the goals in advance; and bringing more localized SDGs indicators into the national medium-and long-term development plan.
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