刘格格,葛颜祥,张化楠.生态补偿助力脱贫攻坚:协同、拮抗与对接[J].中国环境管理,2020,12(5):95-101
生态补偿助力脱贫攻坚:协同、拮抗与对接
Ecological Compensation for Poverty Alleviation: Synergy, Antagonist and Docking
DOI:10.16868/j.cnki.1674-6252.2020.05.095
中文关键词:  生态补偿  脱贫攻坚  协同效应  拮抗效应  对接机制
英文关键词:ecological compensation  poverty alleviation  synergistic effect  antagonism effect  docking mechanism
基金项目:国家社会科学基金项目“主体功能区视角下的流域生态补偿机制研究”(16BJY031);山东省“双一流”奖补资金(SYL2017XTTD08)。
作者单位E-mail
刘格格 山东农业大学经济管理学院, 山东泰安 271018  
葛颜祥 山东农业大学经济管理学院, 山东泰安 271018 geyanxiang@126.com 
张化楠 山东农业大学经济管理学院, 山东泰安 271018  
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中文摘要:
      中央政府提出的“生态补偿脱贫一批”标志着生态补偿扶贫正逐步成为我国打赢脱贫攻坚战的重要途径之一。2020年是脱贫攻坚战的决胜之年,生态补偿如何有效助力脱贫攻坚成为研究的热点。本文以实践与政策为导向,运用文献研究法和逻辑分析法,在厘清生态补偿扶贫理念形成与发展的基础上,解析生态补偿与脱贫攻坚之间存在的协同效应和拮抗效应。研究发现生态补偿与脱贫攻坚在地理空间位置、实施主客体、标准、方式和途径等方面相耦合容易产生协同效应,在价值诉求、农户资源禀赋、政府部门工作等方面矛盾产生拮抗效应。生态补偿有效助力脱贫攻坚的关键在于构建对接机制以强化协同效应、弱化或去除拮抗效应。为此,通过建立精准的瞄准制度、稳定脱贫的长效机制、政府部门内部生态补偿扶贫协调机制等举措,构建生态补偿与脱贫攻坚的对接机制,以促进二者高效协同发展。
英文摘要:
      The "ecological compensation from poverty" put forward by the central government indicates that ecological compensation for poverty alleviation is gradually becoming one of the important ways to win the fight against poverty in China. The year of 2020 is a decisive year in the battle against poverty. How ecological compensation can effectively help fight against poverty has become a research hotspot. Guided by practice and policy, using the method of literature research and logical analysis, this paper, on the basis of clarifying the formation and development of ecological compensation poverty alleviation, analyzes the synergistic effect of ecological compensation and poverty alleviation in geographical location, implementation of subject and object, standards, methods and approaches, and the antagonistic effect of contradiction in value appeal, farmers' resource endowment and work of government departments. The key to the effective fight against poverty through ecological compensation is to build a docking mechanism to strengthen the synergistic effect and weaken or eliminate the antagonistic effect. Therefore, through the establishment of a targeted system, a long-term mechanism to stabilize poverty alleviation, the coordination mechanism of ecological compensation and poverty alleviation within government departments and other measures, the docking mechanism of ecological compensation and poverty alleviation is constructed to promote the efficient and coordinated development of the two.
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