许言,董庆银,杨建新.生活垃圾强制分类形势下的多源废荧光灯管回收管理机制建议[J].中国环境管理,2020,12(5):87-94
生活垃圾强制分类形势下的多源废荧光灯管回收管理机制建议
Suggestions on the Management Mechanism of Multi-source Waste Fluorescent Lamp Recycling Under the Situation of Compulsory Classification of Household Waste
DOI:10.16868/j.cnki.1674-6252.2020.05.087
中文关键词:  废荧光灯管  生活垃圾分类  管理机制
英文关键词:waste fluorescent lamp  household waste classification  management mechanism
基金项目:国家社会科学基金重大项目“社会源危险废弃物环境责任界定与治理机制研究”(16ZDA071);清华大学自主科研计划“我国社会源危险废物跨区域协同治理模式研究”(2016THZWYX12)。
作者单位E-mail
许言 中国科学院生态环境研究中心, 北京 100085
清华大学环境学院, 北京 100084 
 
董庆银 清华大学环境学院, 北京 100084 dongqingyin@tsinghua.edu.cn 
杨建新 中国科学院生态环境研究中心, 北京 100085  
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中文摘要:
      废荧光灯管的来源广泛,包括工业来源和社会来源,社会来源又包括居民来源,企业事业单位、公共场所等机构来源,具有多来源的特性。废荧光灯管中含有汞,若不经过妥善处理,会造成环境污染,对人的身体健康造成危害。随着国内生活垃圾分类的开展,废荧光灯管作为生活垃圾中有害垃圾的典型类别被强制分类,但仍存在很多问题。本文梳理了我国废荧光灯管的产生情况、LED灯替代情况,并对美国、欧盟、日本和我国国内典型城市的废荧光管理情况进行了总结。针对我国废荧光灯管的回收现状,从责任主体、责任划分、收集渠道、资金机制等角度提出了相关的管理建议,为推动我国废荧光灯管的管理提供借鉴。
英文摘要:
      The sources of waste fluorescent lamps are extensive, including industrial sources and social sources. The social sources include sources of residents, enterprises and institutions, public places and other institutional sources, which have the feature of multiple sources. Waste fluorescent lamp contains mercury, if not properly handled, will cause harm to environment and the human health. With the development of household waste classification, waste fluorescent lamp as a typical category of household hazardous waste is forced to be classified, while, there are still many problems. This paper sorts out the generation situation of waste fluorescent lamp in China and the replacement situation of LED light, and summarizes the management situation of waste fluorescent lamp in the United States, European Union, Japan and typical domestic cities. In view of the current situation of waste fluorescent lamp recycling in China, this paper puts forward relevant management suggestions from the perspective of responsibility subject, responsibility division, collection channel, funding mechanism, which provides reference for promoting the management of waste fluorescent lamp in China.
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