刘俊利,徐鹤.中国废弃手机回收的管理策略研究[J].中国环境管理,2020,12(5):79-86
中国废弃手机回收的管理策略研究
Management Strategy for Recycling Waste Mobile Phones in China
DOI:10.16868/j.cnki.1674-6252.2020.05.079
中文关键词:  废弃手机  回收  管理策略  中国
英文关键词:waste mobile phone  recycling  management strategy  China
基金项目:国家重点研发计划项目“废旧移动终端整机无损拆解与安全再利用技术”(2018YFC1902303);天津科技支撑重点项目“废旧手机中稀贵金属制备纳米材料的绿色深加工技术研究(18YFZCSF00500)。
作者单位
刘俊利 天津社会科学院资源环境与生态研究所, 天津 300191 
徐鹤 南开大学环境科学与工程学院, 天津 300350 
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中文摘要:
      作为“城市矿产”的典型代表,废弃手机因其废弃数量大、稀贵金属品位高等特性而备受关注,但在推进废弃手机回收过程中存在诸多问题。本文以推动产业发展为立足点,梳理了影响废弃手机回收的两级制衡要素,通过构建GREY-DEMATEL模型,定量评估各要素对废弃手机回收的影响程度并确定优先等级。其中,完善废弃手机回收的管理制度及相应的经济扶持政策成为短期内应着力解决的核心问题,从长期发展来看,废弃手机的前端收集应成为产业关注的重点。基于此,本文立足于废弃手机回收的短期目标及长远发展,分别提出相应的管理策略,为再生资源产业的良性发展提供对策建议。
英文摘要:
      Waste mobile phones, as a typical representative of "urban mining", have attracted more attention due to their staggering generation and high grade of valuable materials. However, there are still many obstacles in promoting the industrialization of waste mobile phones recycling. Taking industry development as point cuts, this paper sorted out the two-level impact factors affecting waste mobile phones recycling and constructed a GREY-DEMATEL model to quantitatively evaluate the impact of each factor and to determine the priority level. The results showed that improving the management system and economic policies of waste mobile phones recycling should be the core issues to be resolved in the short term. While the front-end collection of waste mobile phones should become the focus of industry attention in the long run. Consequently, based on the short-term goals and long-term development of waste mobile phones recycling, this study proposed the management strategies to provide suggestions for the sound development of China's renewable resources industry.
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