张丛林,郑诗豪,邹秀萍,王文静,黄宝荣.新型污染物风险防范国际实践及其对中国的启示[J].中国环境管理,2020,12(5):71-78
新型污染物风险防范国际实践及其对中国的启示
International Risk Prevention Practices of Emerging Pollutants and Their Enlightenments to China
DOI:10.16868/j.cnki.1674-6252.2020.05.071
中文关键词:  新型污染物  风险防范  实践  国内外  对比  启示
英文关键词:emerging pollutants  risk prevention  practice  domestic and international  comparison  enlightenment
基金项目:中国科学院战略咨询院高端智库培育项目(B类)“建立我国新型污染物风险防范体系的战略与对策研究”;国家自然科学基金青年基金项目(71503245)。
作者单位E-mail
张丛林 中国科学院科技战略咨询研究院, 北京 100190  
郑诗豪 天津大学水利工程仿真与安全国家重点实验室, 天津 300072  
邹秀萍 中国科学院科技战略咨询研究院, 北京 100190  
王文静 中国人民大学环境学院, 北京, 100872  
黄宝荣 中国科学院科技战略咨询研究院, 北京 100190 huangbaorong@casisd.cn 
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中文摘要:
      随着重化工业的快速发展和各类化学品的大量使用,一些新型污染物对中国居民和生态环境的危害正逐步显现并日趋严重。如何进一步完善中国新型污染物的风险防范体系,是中国生态环境治理面临的重要问题。发达国家新型污染物的风险防范工作启动较早,对中国完善新型污染物风险防范体系具有重要的借鉴意义。本文从制度建设、体制机制、评估监测、科学研究等方面比较国内外新型污染物风险防范实践的异同,立足我国国情,发现国内实践还需加强之处。在此基础上,提出国际新型污染物风险防范实践对中国的启示。
英文摘要:
      With the rapid development of heavy chemical industry and the extensive use of various chemicals, the harm of some emerging pollutants to Chinese residents, ecology and environment is gradually appearing, and it is becoming more and more serious. How to further improve the risk prevention system of China's emerging pollutants is an important issue facing China's ecological environment governance. The risk prevention work of emerging pollutants in developed countries started earlier. Therefore, their practices have important reference significance for China to improve the risk prevention system of emerging pollutants. Domestic and international practices of risk prevention practices of emerging pollutants were compared from the following aspect:system construction, system and mechanism, evaluation and monitoring, and scientific research. Thus, the shortcomings of China's pollutants risk prevention system were discussed. On this basis, the enlightenments of international emerging pollutants risk prevention practices to China were put forward.
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