郑凯方,温宗国,陈燕.“无废城市”建设推进政策及措施的国别比较研究[J].中国环境管理,2020,12(5):48-57
“无废城市”建设推进政策及措施的国别比较研究
Comparative Analysis on the Policies and Initiatives for Promoting Zero-Waste Cities in China and Other Developed Countries
DOI:10.16868/j.cnki.1674-6252.2020.05.048
中文关键词:  无废城市  推进政策  试点措施  固废可持续管理  国别比较
英文关键词:Zero-Waste City  promoting policies  pilot measurements  sustainable solid waste management  comparative analysis
基金项目:清华大学绿色经济与可持续发展研究中心资助课题“‘无废城市’建设中的关键实施路径分析与管理政策研究”。
作者单位E-mail
郑凯方 清华大学环境学院, 环境模拟与污染控制国家重点联合实验室, 北京, 100084
清华大学工业节能与绿色发展评价中心, 北京, 100084 
 
温宗国 清华大学环境学院, 环境模拟与污染控制国家重点联合实验室, 北京, 100084
清华大学工业节能与绿色发展评价中心, 北京, 100084 
wenzg@tsinghua.edu.cn 
陈燕 清华大学环境学院, 环境模拟与污染控制国家重点联合实验室, 北京, 100084
清华大学工业节能与绿色发展评价中心, 北京, 100084 
 
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中文摘要:
      “无废城市”建设已经成为应对城市固体废物(以下简称“固废”)管理挑战的国际趋势,我国也启动了“无废城市”建设试点工作。本文介绍了国际“无废城市”实践的背景和发展趋势,对我国和其他高收入国家的“无废城市”相关政策和具体实施方案进行了对比分析。分析结果表明,“无废城市”的推进政策与实施措施存在国别差异,我国的“无废城市”采纳了“问题导向”的推进策略,而高收入国家则是“目标导向”。最后对进一步推进我国“无废城市”建设试点工作提出了四点建议。
英文摘要:
      Working towards "Zero Waste" has become an international trend in order to cope with the severe challenges of solid waste pollution that many cities are facing. China has also launched the "Zero-Waste City" pilot program as one of the important tasks for preventing the solid waste pollution. This paper introduces the background and development of worldwide "Zero-Waste Cities", and conducts a comparative analysis on the macro-level policies, as well as the implementation plans of selected cases of "Zero-Waste Cities" in China and other high-income countries.The results show that the challenges of solid waste management differ between China and those high-income countries, leading to the country-specific differences in policies and initiatives for promoting the implementation of "Zero-Waste Cities". China has adopted a "problem-oriented" strategy to design the policies and implementation plans, while other high-income countries adopted the "goal-oriented" approach. This paper also provides four suggestions for the future improvement of China's "Zero-Waste City" pilot program.
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