张婕,倪存昊,朱明明.新安江流域生态补偿财政支出效率研究[J].中国环境管理,2020,12(4):112-119
新安江流域生态补偿财政支出效率研究
Study on the Financial Expenditure Efficiency of Ecological Compensation in Xin'an River Basin
DOI:10.16868/j.cnki.1674-6252.2020.04.112
中文关键词:  流域生态补偿  财政支出效率  新安江
英文关键词:ecological compensation for river basin  efficiency of financial expenditure  Xin'an River
基金项目:教育部规划基金项目“流域生态补偿政策绩效评价模型及影响机理研究”(18YJA630140);河海大学中央高校基本科研业务费项目“基于4E的流域生态补偿绩效评价研究”(2018B33814)。
作者单位
张婕 河海大学商学院, 江苏南京 211100
沿海开发与保护协同创新中心, 江苏南京 211100 
倪存昊 河海大学商学院, 江苏南京 211100 
朱明明 河海大学商学院, 江苏南京 211100 
摘要点击次数: 153
全文下载次数: 92
中文摘要:
      在水环境保护长期受到高度重视的背景下,开展流域生态补偿试点是我国保护流域水环境的重要手段。目前我国多为政府主导型流域生态补偿,补偿资金全部来源于财政资金,提高财政支出效率可以让有限的财政资金发挥其最大效用。为明确流域生态补偿试点中的财政支出效率,本文以我国首个跨省界流域生态补偿试点——新安江流域生态补偿试点为案例对象,构建流域生态补偿财政支出效率评价模型,并建立评价指标体系。通过选取试点在2012—2017年的生态补偿财政支出进行效率测算与效率评价,结果显示,财政支出纯技术效率6年均值处在0.9以上的高水平,总体表现较好,但仍有改进空间;规模效率值较低是造成财政支出效率表现不佳的主要原因,生态补偿财政资金的配置规模急需完善。建议提高财政资金的管理水平,有针对性地实施生态补偿项目,建立流域和区域相结合的流域治理体系。
英文摘要:
      In China, water environment protection has been highly valued for a long time. Therefore, carrying out the pilot project of basin ecological compensation has become an important means to protect water environment.At present, most of the ecological compensation for river basins in China is government led, and all the compensation funds come from financial funds. Improving the efficiency of financial expenditure can make the limited financial funds play its maximum role.In order to clarify the efficiency of financial expenditure in the pilot of ecological compensation in river basins, this paper takes Xin'an River basin ecological compensation as a case, which is the first cross province pilot of ecological compensation in China, constructs an evaluation model of financial expenditure efficiency of ecological compensation in river basins, and establishes an evaluation index system, using the local financial expenditure of ecological compensation in 2012-2017 to calculate and evaluate its efficiency.The results show that the 6-year average of the pure technical efficiency of financial expenditure is above 0.9, and the overall performance is good, but there is still room for improvement; the low scale efficiency is the main reason for the poor performance of financial expenditure efficiency, and the allocation scale of ecological compensation financial funds is in urgent need of improvement. Based on findings, it is suggested to improve the management level of financial funds, carry out targeted ecological compensation projects, and establish a watershed management system combining watershed and region.
HTML  查看全文  查看/发表评论  下载PDF阅读器
关闭