李玉华,王鑫,贾曼,汪先锋.关于重点排污单位名录制定和使用过程中存在的问题及建议[J].中国环境管理,2020,12(4):78-82
关于重点排污单位名录制定和使用过程中存在的问题及建议
Problems and Suggestions on the Establishment and Application of the List of Key Pollutant Discharge Units
DOI:10.16868/j.cnki.1674-6252.2020.04.078
中文关键词:  重点排污单位  国家重点监控企业  排污许可
英文关键词:Key Pollutant Discharge Units  State Key Supervision and Control Enterprises  pollutants discharge permit
基金项目:
作者单位
李玉华 山东省生态环境监测中心, 山东济南 250100 
王鑫 中国环境监测总站, 北京 100012 
贾曼 山东省生态环境监测中心, 山东济南 250100 
汪先锋 山东省生态环境监测中心, 山东济南 250100 
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中文摘要:
      2017年11月,原环境保护部办公厅发布《关于印发<重点排污单位名录管理规定(试行)>的通知》,对重点排污单位的基本管理要求和筛选条件作出了详细规定。重点排污单位是国家重点监控企业的替代和延续,成为当前排污许可制度尚未完全成熟阶段环境管理的重要抓手。重点排污单位名录聚焦影响环境质量的主要污染物、排污大户和重大风险源,由设区的市级地方人民政府生态环境主管部门确定,有利于压实地方环保责任。在名录制定和使用过程中存在着部分指导性文件存疑、名录重点不突出、部分重点排污单位无法安装自动监测设备、不能满足新的环境监管需求、名录更新时间滞后、缺少罚则等问题,本文就此进行了深入分析并提出了几点建议。
英文摘要:
      In November 2017, the General Office of the former Ministry of Environmental Protection issued the Administrative Regulations on the Listing of Key Pollutant Discharge Units,setting out in detail the basic management requirements and selection conditions. The Key Pollutant Discharge Unit is the substitution and continuation of the former State Key Supervision and Control Enterprises, and it has being an important mean for the environmental management in the transition stage of the pollutant discharge permit system currently.The Key Pollutant Discharge Units focuses on the major pollutants, major polluters and major risk sources that affect the environmental quality. It is determined by the grass-roots environmental protection department and is conducive to the compaction of local environmental responsibility.Some problems are found in the process of making and using the list, such as some guidance documents are doubtful, the list is not focused enough,some Key Pollutant Discharge Units are inappropriate to install the automatic testing equipment,the list cannot meet the new demand of environmental supervision, etc.. Besides, there are no penalties for against the regulations. This article has carried on the thorough analysis on these problems and proposed several suggestions.
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