郑军.“十四五”生态环境保护国际合作思路与实施路径探讨[J].中国环境管理,2020,12(4):68-72,67
“十四五”生态环境保护国际合作思路与实施路径探讨
Discussion on International Cooperation Ideas and Implementation Path of Ecological Environment Protection During the 14th FiveYear Plan Period
DOI:10.16868/j.cnki.1674-6252.2020.04.068
中文关键词:  生态环境保护  国际合作  “十四五”规划  全球环境治理  战略举措
英文关键词:ecological environment protection  international cooperation  the 14th Five-Year Plan  global environmental governance  strategic initiatives
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作者单位
郑军 生态环境部对外合作与交流中心, 北京 100035 
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中文摘要:
      生态环境国际合作是构建人类命运共同体建设的重要内容。“十三五”时期,我国在推动生态文明建设取得显著成效的同时,生态环境保护国际合作取得积极进展。本文在分析生态环境保护国际合作现状、不足以及面临新形势的基础上,提出坚持底线思维,突出重点,精准对接,以我为主、以外促内等合作原则,建议“十四五”时期加强战略规划和引领,提升生态环境国际合作的地位和作用,以建设性姿态参与全球环境治理,努力实现国内环境治理、全球环境治理以及全球治理良性互动,提升生态环境国际合作在服务国家总体发展战略中的地位和水平。并为此提出五大重点举措:即打造绿色“一带一路”成为区域环境合作的平台高地;更具建设性加强我与周边国家双边及多边环境合作;坚决维护多边主义的立场,主动参与全球环境治理体系变革;助力擦亮绿色底色,全力支撑服务打赢污染防治攻坚战;加快能力建设形成生态环境国际合作与交流的大格局。
英文摘要:
      International cooperation in ecological environment is an important part of the construction of a community with a shared future for mankind. During the 13th Five-Year Plan period, China has made remarkable achievements in promoting the construction of ecological civilization, and made positive progress in international cooperation on ecological and environmental protection. Based on the analysis of the current situation, shortcomings and new situation of international cooperation in ecological and environmental protection, this paper puts forward the principles of adhering to the bottom line thinking, highlighting the key points, accurately docking, focusing on ourselves, and promoting domestic cooperation from outside. It is suggested that strategic planning and guidance should be strengthened in the period of the 14th Five-Year Plan, the status and role of international cooperation in ecological environment protection should be enhanced, and a constructive attitude should be taken to participate in global environmental governance. Efforts should be made to achieve the goal and task of benign interaction among domestic environmental governance, global environmental governance and global governance, and enhance the status and level of international cooperation on ecological environment in serving the overall development strategy of the country. At the same time, five key tasks are put forward. Building the green Belt and Road Initiative to be the platform highland for regional environmental cooperation. It is more constructive to strengthen bilateral and multilateral environmental cooperation with neighboring countries. Firmly upholder the position of multilateralism and actively participate in the global environmental governance system reform. Fully support services to win the battle against pollution control. Speed up capacity building and form an overall international cooperation and exchange of ecological environment.
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