吴季友,陈传忠,赵岑,孙媛,胡天洋.国家生态环境监测“十四五”展望[J].中国环境管理,2020,12(4):62-67
国家生态环境监测“十四五”展望
Prospects for National Eco-Environmental Monitoring During the 14th Five-Year Plan Period
DOI:10.16868/j.cnki.1674-6252.2020.04.062
中文关键词:  生态环境质量考核评价  污染防治精细化管控  生态环境监测数据应用  生态环境质量综合评价
英文关键词:environmental quality assessment  refined management in pollution prevention and control  environmental monitoring data application  comprehensive evaluation of environmental quality
基金项目:
作者单位E-mail
吴季友 中国环境监测总站, 国家环境保护环境监测质量控制重点实验室, 北京 100012  
陈传忠 中国环境监测总站, 国家环境保护环境监测质量控制重点实验室, 北京 100012  
赵岑 中国环境监测总站, 国家环境保护环境监测质量控制重点实验室, 北京 100012  
孙媛 中国环境监测总站, 国家环境保护环境监测质量控制重点实验室, 北京 100012  
胡天洋 中国环境监测总站, 国家环境保护环境监测质量控制重点实验室, 北京 100012 huty@cnemc.cn 
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中文摘要:
      “十四五”时期,生态文明改革持续深入,生态环境治理将向精准治污、科学治污、依法治污转变,这对加快推进生态环境监测体系与监测能力现代化提出了迫切要求。因此,本文从网络建设、体制机制、服务效能等方面,对生态环境监测所取得的进展与成效进行了系统分析,并对国家生态环境监测面临的机遇与挑战进行了深入剖析。在此基础上,针对支撑评价排名、服务精准治污、有序衔接新职能、建设大数据平台、强化数据应用、深化综合评价、理顺体制机制、推动产学研用、提升基础能力等方面,提出了“十四五”期间国家生态环境监测发展的相关建议。
英文摘要:
      During the 14th Five-Year Plan period, ecological civilization reform continues to deepen, the ecological and environmental management goes further and further toward a practice of governing the pollution that is accurate, scientific, and in accordance to the rule of law, which puts forward urgent needs for accelerating the modernization of the ecological and environmental monitoring system and monitoring capabilities. Therefore, in light of system buildings, mechanisms, services efficiency and others, this paper systematically analyzes the progress, achievement, opportunity and challenge of the national ecological and environmental monitoring. Base on the analysis, this paper gives relevant suggestions, which in terms of evaluation ranking support, service precision pollution control, orderly shifting new functions, big data platform construction, strengthen data application, deepen comprehensive evaluation, straighten out the system and mechanism, promote industry-university-researchapplication, improve basic ability and others, on the national ecological and environmental monitoring development during the 14th Five-Year Plan period.
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