姜华,陈胜,杨鹊平,许鹏达.生态环境科技进展与“十四五”展望[J].中国环境管理,2020,12(4):29-34
生态环境科技进展与“十四五”展望
The Progress of Ecological Environment Science and Technology and Prospect of the 14th Five-Year Plan
DOI:10.16868/j.cnki.1674-6252.2020.04.029
中文关键词:  科技  生态环境  “十四五”规划
英文关键词:science and technology  ecological environment  the 14th Five-Year Plan
基金项目:
作者单位E-mail
姜华 中国环境科学研究院, 北京 100012  
陈胜 生态环境部科技与财务司, 北京 100006  
杨鹊平 中国环境科学研究院, 北京 100012  
许鹏达 中国环境科学研究院, 北京 100012 xupd@craes.org.cn 
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中文摘要:
      科技是国之利器,持续改善生态环境、建设生态文明、打造美丽中国,离不开强有力的环境科技支撑。本文梳理总结我国“十三五”时期的生态环境科技进展,在分析生态环境科技发展趋势和“十四五”科技需求的基础上,提出构建生态环境质量改善、风险防控、智慧监管三大技术体系和完善激发创新活力、提升创新效能的能力支撑体系的科技发展目标,以及坚持问题导向、系统治理、创新引领、协同增效和深化改革的原则,并从基础研究、技术研发、方法体系、应用示范、创新能力、成果转化六个方面系统设置重点任务,由此推动科技更好地支撑引领生态环境保护中心工作。
英文摘要:
      Science and technology is a powerful tool of our country. To continuously improve the ecological environment, build ecological civilization and build a beautiful China, we can not do without strong scientific and technological support. This paper summarizes the progress of ecological environment science and technology during the 13th Five-Year Plan period. On the basis of analyzing the development trend of ecological environment science and technology and the requirements of the 14th Five-Year Plan period, it proposes to set up three technological systems, namely, quality improvement, risk prevention and control, and intelligent supervision for ecological environment, and to improve the capability support system to stimulate innovation vitality and enhance innovation efficiency. It suggests to adhere to the principles of problem orientation, system governance, innovation leadership, collaborative efficiency and deepening reform, systematically set key tasks in six aspects, namely, basic research, technology research and development, method system, application demonstration, innovation capability and achievement transformation, so as to promote science and technology to better support and lead the work of ecological environment protection.
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