邢有凯,毛显强,冯相昭,高玉冰,何峰,余红,赵梦雪.城市蓝天保卫战行动协同控制局地大气污染物和温室气体效果评估——以唐山市为例[J].中国环境管理,2020,12(4):20-28
城市蓝天保卫战行动协同控制局地大气污染物和温室气体效果评估——以唐山市为例
An Effectiveness Evaluation of Co-controlling Local Air Pollutants and GHGs by Implementing Blue Sky Defense Action at City Level —A Case Study of Tangshan City
DOI:10.16868/j.cnki.1674-6252.2020.04.020
中文关键词:  城市  蓝天保卫战行动  协同控制  局地大气污染物  温室气体  效果评估
英文关键词:city  Blue Sky Defense Action  co-control  local air pollutants  greenhouse gas  effectiveness evaluation
基金项目:生态环境部部门预算项目“应对气候变化工作专项”(2110108);能源基金会项目“城市大气污染物与温室气体协同控制核算方法指南研究及其应用:固定排放源和生活排放源”(G-1906-29792)。
作者单位E-mail
邢有凯 北京师范大学环境学院, 北京 100875
北京中地泓科环境科技有限公司, 北京 100011 
 
毛显强 北京师范大学环境学院, 北京 100875 maoxq@bnu.edu.cn 
冯相昭 生态环境部环境与经济政策研究中心, 北京 100029  
高玉冰 北京师范大学环境学院, 北京 100875  
何峰 北京师范大学环境学院, 北京 100875
北京亚太展望环境发展咨询中心, 北京 100191 
 
余红 中国环境科学研究院, 北京 100012
北京师范大学水科学研究院, 北京 100875 
 
赵梦雪 生态环境部环境与经济政策研究中心, 北京 100029  
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中文摘要:
      为满足在城市层面开展蓝天保卫战行动、协同控制局地大气污染物和温室气体效果评估的管理需求,本文构建了评估方法体系,明确了评估流程,并梳理了评估参数获取途径。本文所推荐的协同减排量核算方法和协同控制效果评估方法包括:采用排放因子法计算各措施的单项大气污染物和单项温室气体减排量,计算各措施的局地大气污染物当量(LAPeq)和二氧化碳当量(CO2-eq)减排效果,进而采用协同控制效应坐标系分析和协同控制交叉弹性分析开展协同控制效果评估。本文以唐山市2018年蓝天保卫战行动为案例,选择12项子措施开展试点评估,结果显示:这12项子措施在减排LAPeq 13 840.89 t/a的同时,可协同减排温室气体1 009.43万tCO2-eq/a;所评估的措施均位于协同控制效应坐标系第一象限;协同控制交叉弹性ElsCO2-eq/LAPeq为6.66,即每减排1个百分点的LAPeq,可协同减排6.66个百分点的温室气体。研究表明,本文所提出的评估方法体系具有较好的适用性,可推广应用于城市蓝天保卫战行动协同控制局地大气污染物和温室气体评估工作中。
英文摘要:
      In order to evaluate the effectiveness of co-control of local air pollutants and GHGs emission in implementing Blue Sky Defense Action Plan at city level, we proposed an evaluation methodology, clarified the assessment process, and combed the ways to acquire necessary data. The methods proposed for accounting emission co-reductions and evaluating the effectiveness of co-control include: the emission and reduction accounting for air pollutants and GHGs based on emission factors method, local air pollutant equivalent (LAPeq) and CO2 equivalent (CO2-eq) accounting, co-control effectiveness evaluating through co-control effects coordinate system, and co-control cross-elasticity analysis. Taking the action of Tangshan City in 2018 as a case, the selected 12 measures reduced 13 840.89 t/a of LAPeq and simultaneously reduced 10 094.30 Kt CO2-eq /a of GHGs emission. All the evaluated measures were located in the first quadrant of the co-control effects coordinate system. The cross-elasticity of ElsCO2-eq/LAPeq amounted to 6.66, meaning that 1 percent of LAPeq emission reduction synergistically led to 6.66 percent of GHGs emission reduction. The results showed that the proposed evaluation methodology has robustness, and can be well applied to assess the co-control effectiveness of implementing the Blue Sky Defense Action at city level.
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