汪晓帆,黄宝荣,胡飞龙,吕春艳,郝亮.N%理念下的全球保护地管护方案初探[J].中国环境管理,2020,12(3):48-52
N%理念下的全球保护地管护方案初探
Preliminary Discussion on Global Protected Area Management and Protection Scheme with the N% Concept
DOI:10.16868/j.cnki.1674-6252.2020.03.048
中文关键词:  N%  保护地  管护方案  生物多样性
英文关键词:N%  protected area  management and protection scheme  biodiversity
基金项目:土地资源调查评价项目(DCPJ181511-01);国家重点研发计划(2016YFB501505)。
作者单位E-mail
汪晓帆 中国国土勘测规划院自然资源部土地利用重点实验室, 北京 100035  
黄宝荣 中国科学院科技战略咨询研究院, 北京 100190  
胡飞龙 生态环境部南京环境科学研究所, 江苏南京 210042  
吕春艳 中国国土勘测规划院自然资源部土地利用重点实验室, 北京 100035  
郝亮 生态环境部环境与经济政策研究中心, 北京 100029 hao.liang@prcee.org 
摘要点击次数: 144
全文下载次数: 85
中文摘要:
      栖息地破坏是全球生物多样性危机的重要诱因之一。虽然《生物多样性公约》与历届缔约方大会都较为关注保护地议题,但由于未能实现主流化,保护效果一直欠佳。本文基于满足人类理性需求的自然保护地比例(N%)这一理念,分析其在全球推广过程中可能遇到的科学与制度瓶颈,初步提出了基于科学研究的“自上而下”和国家自主承诺的“自下而上”相结合的全球保护地管护方案,以求在不同利益诉求的国家间凝聚共识,为2020年于昆明召开的COP15大会贡献智慧。
英文摘要:
      Habitat destruction is one of the major causes of the global biodiversity crisis.Although the Convention on Biological Diversity and previous conferences of the parties had focused on protected area issues, the protection effect has been poor due to the failure of mainstream. Based on the concept of natural protected area ratio (N%) that meets human rational needs, the scientific and institutional bottlenecks that may be encountered in the global promotion process were analyzed in this paper, a management and protection scheme of global protected area based on the combination of “top-down” based on scientific research and “bottom-up” based on commitment of national autonomy was preliminary proposed, in order to gather consensus in countries with different interests, and contribute wisdom to the upcoming COP15 in Kunming in 2020.
HTML  查看全文  查看/发表评论  下载PDF阅读器
关闭