姚瑞华,王金南,王东.国家海洋生态环境保护“十四五”战略路线图分析[J].中国环境管理,2020,12(3):15-20
国家海洋生态环境保护“十四五”战略路线图分析
A Roadmap Analysis of National Marine Eco-Environmental Protection During the 14th Five-Year Period
DOI:10.16868/j.cnki.1674-6252.2020.03.015
中文关键词:  海洋  污染防治  生态保护  “十四五”规划
英文关键词:ocean  pollution prevention  ecological protection  the “14th Five-Year” Plan
基金项目:
作者单位E-mail
姚瑞华 生态环境部环境规划院, 北京 100012  
王金南 生态环境部环境规划院, 北京 100012 wangjn@caep.org.cn 
王东 生态环境部环境规划院, 北京 100012  
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中文摘要:
      2018年,国家海洋生态环境管理体制重组,为系统推进海洋生态环境质量改善奠定了基础。本文基于美丽中国建设的战略目标,在分析海洋生态环境保护现状、问题以及形势的基础上,提出坚持陆海统筹、区域联动、分区防控和精准治理的原则,建议协同推进“污染防治、生态修复、风险防范、能力建设、国际合作”五大领域任务,重点建设“法律规范、空间管控、标准规范、目标责任、许可管理”五大体系,最终实现“十四五”国家海洋生态环境保护目标。
英文摘要:
      The institutional reorganization of the national marine ecological environment management system in 2018 laid the foundation of the systematic promotion in improving the marine ecological environmental quality. Based on the national strategic goal of building a beautiful China, this article provides a general picture of the progress of marine ecological environmental protection and the problems faced. The article also seeks to propose the management principles of land-sea coordination, regional collaboration, regional prevention and control, precise governance, so as to collaboratively attain the five goals including pollution control, ecological restoration, risk prevention, capacity building, and international cooperation, as well as to achieve five major breakthroughs in enhancing laws and regulations, upgrading space management and control tools, building up management standards, assigning responsibility in person, and advancing licensing management system, in which ultimately accomplish the “14th Five-Year” national marine ecological environmental protection goals.
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