吴传清,李姝凡.长江经济带工业废气污染治理效率的时空演变及其影响因素研究[J].中国环境管理,2020,12(2):123-130,41
长江经济带工业废气污染治理效率的时空演变及其影响因素研究
Study on the Spatiotemporal Evolution and Influencing Factors of Industrial Waste Gas Pollution Control Efficiency in the Yangtze River Economic Belt
DOI:10.16868/j.cnki.1674-6252.2020.02.123
中文关键词:  长江经济带  工业废气污染治理  超效率SBM模型
英文关键词:the Yangtze River Economic Belt  industrial waste gas pollution control  super-efficiency SBM model
基金项目:国家社会科学基金项目"推动长江经济带制造业高质量发展研究"(19BJL061)。
作者单位E-mail
吴传清 武汉大学经济与管理学院, 湖北武汉 430072
武汉大学区域经济研究中心, 湖北武汉 430072
武汉大学中国发展与战略规划研究院, 湖北武汉 430072 
 
李姝凡 武汉大学经济与管理学院, 湖北武汉 430072 837808139@qq.com 
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中文摘要:
      本文选取1998-2015年30个省份数据,采用超效率SBM模型测算全国、长江经济带工业废气污染治理效率;采用门槛效应模型研判长江经济带工业废气污染治理效率的影响因素。研究发现:1998-2015年长江经济带工业废气污染治理效率大于全国工业废气污染治理效率;长江经济带工业废气污染治理效率与全国工业废气污染治理效率的演变轨迹相似;长江经济带工业废气污染治理效率空间格局从"两极分化型"向"过渡型"演变;长江经济带沿线11省份工业废气污染治理效率与重工业占比呈负相关;当人均GDP较小时,长江经济带工业废气污染治理效率与工业化率、地方法规颁布件数、环境污染与破坏总次数呈负相关,与群众因污染来信数呈正相关;当人均GDP跨过门槛阈值拐点后,相关关系反之。为进一步推动长江经济带高质量发展,应加强中央与地方政府合作共促工业污染防控治理,推动重化工业绿色发展,加强媒体对废气污染的长期有效监督,推动建立科学有效的"三方共治"体系。
英文摘要:
      Using data of 30 provinces (except Tibet) from 1998 to 2015, the efficiency of industrial waste gas pollution control in the whole country and the Yangtze River Economic Belt (YREB) was measured by the super-efficient SBM model, and the influence factors of industrial waste gas pollution control efficiency of YREB were studied by the threshold effect model. The study found that from 1998 to 2015, the efficiency of industrial waste gas pollution control in YREB was greater than that of the national level, the industrial waste gas pollution control efficiency in the mid-stream region was the highest, the middle-stream area was second, and the upstream area was the least. The evolving track of industrial waste gas pollution control efficiency in the nation and YREB was similar. The spatial pattern of industrial waste gas pollution control efficiency in YREB evolved from "polarization" to "transitional" from 1998 to 2015. The efficiency of industrial waste gas pollution control in 11 provinces of YREB was negatively correlated with the proportion of heavy industry. Under the smaller per capita GDP, the efficiency of industrial waste gas pollution control in YREB was negatively correlated with the rate of industrialization, the number of cases promulgated by local laws and regulations, and the total number of environmental pollution and destruction, which was positively correlated with the number of letters from the masses due to pollution. When per capita GDP crossed the threshold inflection point, the correlation was the opposite. To further promote the high-quality development of YREB, the central and local governments should strengthen the prevention and control of industrial pollution, promote the green development of heavy and chemical industries, strengthen the media's long-term effective supervision of waste gas pollution, promote the establishment of a scientific and effective tripartite governance system.
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