刘作仪,王群伟.“十三五”国家自然科学基金对能源环境管理领域的资助状况和趋势[J].中国环境管理,2020,12(2):20-27
“十三五”国家自然科学基金对能源环境管理领域的资助状况和趋势
Granted Projects and Trend from National Natural Science Foundation of China in the Field of Energy and Environmental Management During the 13th Five-Year Plan Period
DOI:10.16868/j.cnki.1674-6252.2020.02.020
中文关键词:  国家自然科学基金  能源环境管理  环境与生态管理  资源管理与政策
英文关键词:National Natural Science Foundation of China  energy and environmental management  environment and ecology management  resource management and policy
基金项目:国家自然科学基金项目(71922013,71573186)。
作者单位E-mail
刘作仪 国家自然科学基金委员会管理科学部, 北京 100085  
王群伟 南京航空航天大学经济与管理学院, 江苏南京 211106 wqw0305@126.com 
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中文摘要:
      能源环境管理是各界关注的热点话题,也是科学研究的重要方向。以国家自然科学基金资助能源环境管理领域的科研项目为基础数据信息,本文重点分析了"十三五"期间国家自然科学基金在该领域资助项目的总体特征、研究主题和热点变化,并结合新时代科学基金资助导向提出了可能的发展趋势。主要结论包括:①能源环境管理领域面上、青年、地区等自由探索类项目的立项绝对数和学科占比均呈上升趋势,并更多向青年学者倾斜,资助强度保持稳定;②碳、能源和环境是自由探索项目中出现频率最高的热词,与之相关的研究主题随着政策等调整具有动态变化特征;③能源环境管理领域重点、重大等引导类项目和优青、杰青、创新研究群体等人才类项目不断实现突破,增速明显,学科占比优势突出;④问题导向与本土情景、理论体系和一般规律、学科交叉融合,以及市场和微观主体作用是研究选题确立与项目申请时可能需要重点关注的方向。
英文摘要:
      Energy and environmental management issue is a hot topic and an important direction for scientific research. Based on the projects funded by National Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC) in the field of energy and environmental management, this paper focuses on analyzing the overall characteristics, research topics, and research hotspots change during the 13th Five-Year Plan period, and proposes the possible development trends in accordance with the funding categories for the new era. The main results show that:(1) There is an upward trend in the number of funded free exploration projects (i.e. General Program, Young Scientists Fund and Fund for Less Developed Regions) in the field of energy and environmental management as well as their proportion in the Macro-Management and Policy Division. NSFC provides more opportunities for young scholars, and the average funding intensity remains stable during this period; (2) Carbon, energy and environment are the most frequent hot words, and the relevant research topics change dynamically with the adjustment of policy; (3) Guidance projects (e.g. Key Program and Major Program) and Talent projects (e.g. Excellent Young Scientists Fund, National Science Fund for Distinguished Young Scholars and Science Fund for Creative Research Groups) in the field of energy and environmental management constantly achieve breakthroughs with obvious growth rate and outstanding advantage in their proportion in the Macro-Management and Policy Division; (4) Problem-driven and local scenarios, theoretical systems and general rules, cross-disciplinary integration, and market and micro subject roles are the trends that may need to be focused on when selecting research topics and applying for projects.
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