王亚男.“三线一单”对重构环境准入体系的意义及关键环节[J].中国环境管理,2020,12(1):14-17
“三线一单”对重构环境准入体系的意义及关键环节
The Significance and Key Links of the Reconstruction of Environment Access System Caused by the “Three Base Lines and One List”
DOI:10.16868/j.cnki.1674-6252.2020.01.014
中文关键词:  “三线一单”  重构  环境准入体系
英文关键词:three base lines and one list  reconstruct  environment access system
基金项目:
作者单位
王亚男 生态环境部环境工程评估中心, 北京 100012 
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中文摘要:
      “放管服”背景下以环评为核心的环境准入体系面临工作周期长、制度效率低、结论可验证性差、社会认可度不高等诸多挑战。本文针对“三线一单”具有的早期介入和共享区域基础信息的工作特征,认为将“三线一单”纳入环境准入体系后可以更好地发挥系统性预防作用,提升政府的决策能力和环评工作效率,实现环境准入体系的高质量和高效率。在重构环境准入体系方面,提出了“三线一单”与规划环评和项目环评制度衔接的关键环节:明确三项制度不同的职责定位和责任主体、厘清三项制度的衔接环节,以及完善三项制度间的信息交互。
英文摘要:
      Under the promotion of "streamline administration, delegate powers, and improve regulation and services", the environmental access system(EAS) with the EIA permit as the core policy faced many limitations, such as long work period, low system efficiency and social recognition, and poor verifiability of conclusions. The "three base lines and one list" has the characteristics of early involvement and regional basic data sharing, this paper proposed that "three base lines and one list" can be incorporated into the environmental access system, then EAS could play a systematic preventive role, improve the government decision-making ability and enhance EIA work efficiency. In aspect of EAS reconstruction, the key links of the "three base lines and one list", the planning environmental impact assessment and the project environmental impact assessment system were proposed:the different responsibilities of the three systems and the recommendations of the responsible entities should be identified, the join point of the three systems should be clarified, and the information exchange among the three systems should be improved.
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