董战峰,陈金晓,葛察忠,毕粉粉,王金南.国家“十四五”环境经济政策改革路线图[J].中国环境管理,2020,12(1):5-13
国家“十四五”环境经济政策改革路线图
Roadmap of China's Environmental Economic Policy Reform During the 14th Five-Year Plan Period
DOI:10.16868/j.cnki.1674-6252.2020.01.005
中文关键词:  “十四五”  环境经济政策  政策框架  政策路线图
英文关键词:The 14th Five-Year Plan period  the environmental economic policy  policy framework  roadmap
基金项目:中央财政预算项目“国家生态环境保护规划重点问题研究”。
作者单位
董战峰 生态环境部环境规划院, 北京 100012 
陈金晓 生态环境部环境规划院, 北京 100012 
葛察忠 生态环境部环境规划院, 北京 100012 
毕粉粉 生态环境部环境规划院, 北京 100012 
王金南 生态环境部环境规划院, 北京 100012 
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中文摘要:
      “十三五”时期环境经济政策对建立我国生态文明建设长效机制发挥了重要作用,“十四五”时期需要通过进一步深化环境经济政策改革与创新以适应新时代生态文明建设需要。本文研究提出了我国“十四五”时期环境经济政策改革思路、框架与重点,认为我国“十四五”时期环境经济政策改革要深入贯彻习近平生态文明思想,系统考虑政策改革创新面临的新形势和新要求,推进建立“两山”转化和环境质量达标的长效激励机制,突出环境质量持续改善激励、突出经济过程全链条调控,突出政策手段的系统优化与协同增效,突出政策执行能力保障。继续推进生态环境财政制度改革,深化绿色价格税费机制创新,推进建立多元化、市场化生态补偿制度,健全生态环境权益交易机制,完善绿色金融体系,并同步推进完善生态环境价值核算、环境信息公开和信用体系、资源环境名录、政策绩效评估等政策实施配套能力建设,构建全面支撑生态文明建设的环境经济政策体系,推进环境治理体系和治理能力现代化。
英文摘要:
      The environmental economic policy in the 13th has made important progress and remarkable achievements in establishing the long-term adjust mechanism for ecological civilization. During the 14th reform and innovation to meet the needs of ecological civilization construction in the new era. The paper puts forward the framework and focus of China's environmental economic policy reform during the 14th. The results show that environmental economic policy reform in the 14th should thoroughly implement Xi Jinping's ecological civilization thought, systematically consider the new situation and new requirements that the policy reform and innovation is facing, highlight establishment of the long-term mechanism for transforming the two mountains, highlight the incentive continuous improvement of environmental quality, highlight the whole chain incentives of the economic process, highlight the optimal combination regulation of the respective policies, and highlight the implementation of supporting capacity building. It is pointed out that in the 14th five year plan period, China should continue to promote reform of the ecological environment financial system, deepen innovation of the green tax, green fee and eco-environmental pricing mechanism, promote establishment of a diversified and marketoriented ecological compensation system, improve the trading mechanism of the ecological environment rights and interests, improve the green financial system, and simultaneously promote implementation for the supporting measures, as ecological environment value accounting, environmental information disclosure and credit system, resource and environment directory, and policy performance assessment mechanism. An environmental economic policy system to comprehensively support construction of the ecological civilization, and to promote modernization of environmental governance system and governance capacity.
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