木其坚.节能环保产业政策工具评述与展望[J].中国环境管理,2019,11(6):44-49
节能环保产业政策工具评述与展望
Review and Prospect of Energy Conservation and Environmental Protection Industry Policy Instruments
  
DOI:10.16868/j.cnki.1674-6252.2019.06.044
中文关键词:  节能环保产业  政策工具
英文关键词:energy conservation and environmental protection industry  policy instruments  regulatory instruments  economical instruments  information instruments
基金项目:
作者单位
木其坚 云南大学公共管理学院, 云南昆明 650031 
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中文摘要:
      节能环保产业是打赢污染防治攻坚战的重要支撑,也是推动经济发展的新兴绿色动能。本文利用瓦当设计的政策工具三分法,对当前节能环保产业政策工具进行了分类研究。当前,影响节能环保产业政策的工具主要包括管制型工具、经济型工具、信息型工具三个类型。管制型工具包括指标控制、强制性标准和监督考核等;经济型工具包括财政支持、税收优惠、价格政策、金融政策等;信息型工具包括技术推广机制、产品推广机制等。尽管我国已经初步建立了政策支持体系,但当前政策工具仍然存在一系列不足,管制型工具、经济型工具、信息型工具都有较大的改进调整空间,应当进一步形成规范、合理的管制型制度,以普惠为主而非补助为主的经济型制度,以提供信息服务为主的信息型制度,并以此促进节能环保产业健康、有序发展。
英文摘要:
      The energy conservation and environmental protection industry is an important support to win the battle of pollution prevention. And it is also the rising green energy to promote economic development. With trisection of policy instruments method that designed by Evert Vedung, this article has summarized and presented regulatory instruments, economical instruments, and information instruments that are affecting the energy conservation and environmental protection industry. Among them, regulatory instruments include index control, mandatory standard, supervision and inspection, etc. Economical instruments include financial support, tax preference, pricing policy, monetary policy, etc. Information instruments include technology promotion, product promotion, etc. According to the study, the present policy instruments still have some shortcomings. The regulatory instruments, economical instruments, and information instruments could be improved. The standardized and reasonable regulatory system, economic system based on benefits rather than subsidies, and information system mainly based on providing information services should be further formed, promoting the healthy and orderly development of the energy conservation and environmental protection industry.
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