马国霞,周颖,吴春生,彭菲.成渝地区《大气污染防治行动计划》实施的成本效益评估[J].中国环境管理,2019,11(6):38-43
成渝地区《大气污染防治行动计划》实施的成本效益评估
Cost-Benefit Assessment of Impacts of China's National Air Pollution Action Plan in Cheng-Yu Region
DOI:10.16868/j.cnki.1674-6252.2019.06.038
中文关键词:  成本效益  社会经济影响  大气十条  成渝地区
英文关键词:cost benefit  socio-economic impact  National Air Pollution Control Action Plan  Cheng-Yu region
基金项目:国家重点研发计划重点专项(2016YFC0208800),国家环境经济核算体系建立(2110105)。
作者单位
马国霞 生态环境部环境规划院生态环境经济核算研究中心, 北京 100012 
周颖 生态环境部环境规划院生态环境经济核算研究中心, 北京 100012 
吴春生 生态环境部环境规划院生态环境经济核算研究中心, 北京 100012 
彭菲 生态环境部环境规划院生态环境经济核算研究中心, 北京 100012 
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中文摘要:
      本文基于大气污染导致的疾病负担模型和投入产出模型,利用成渝地区环境统计基表以及《大气污染防治行动计划》(以下简称"大气十条")自查报告的详细数据,对成渝地区"大气十条"实施的大气污染治理成本、健康效益和社会经济影响进行全面评估,得出如下结论:①成渝地区"大气十条"实施的环境健康效益大于其治理成本,成渝地区"大气十条"实施成本为376.3亿元,环境健康效益为670亿元,环境健康效益比实施成本高78%。②重点工业行业是成渝地区"大气十条"治理的重点,其治理成本为309.3亿元;其次是机动车治理成本,为50.1亿元。③成渝地区"大气十条"实施的环保投资为746亿元,对GDP拉动效应为1004.7亿元,增加就业5.24万人,有一定的社会经济拉动效益。④成渝地区PM2.5降低1μg/m3需花费8.2亿元,其中,四川省PM2.5降低1μg/m3成本为10.4亿元,重庆市为6.0亿元。
英文摘要:
      Based on the disease burden model and input-output model caused by air pollution, the cost, health benefits and socio-economic impact to implement National Air Pollution Control Action Plan were assessed by using the environmental statistics data and the detailed data of the self-examination report of National Air Pollution Control Action Plan in Chengyu region. Some conclusions were drawn as follows:①The environmental health benefits were greater than the control costs of the implementation of National Air Pollution Control Action Plan in Chengyu region. The cost was 37.63 billion RMB, and its environmental health benefit was 67 billion RMB, which was 78% higher than its cost. It produced great social and economic benefits to implement National Air Pollution Control Action Plan in Chengyu region.②Among the measures implemented, the cost of pollution control in key industrial sectors was the highest, which was 30.93 billion RMB. The second was the cost of motor vehicle control, which was 5.01 billion RMB.③The environmental protection investment was 74.6 billion RMB, which brought about 100.57 billion RMB of GDP increase, and 52.4 thousand people of employment. ④It costed 0.82 billion RMB to reduce PM2.5 by 1 μg/m3 in Chengyu region, which was 1.04 billion RMB in Sichuan Province and 0.60 billion RMB in Chongqing City to reduce 1 μg/m3.
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