李敦瑞.工业“大迁移”对重污染天气的加剧作用及对策分析[J].中国环境管理,2019,11(5):26-31
工业“大迁移”对重污染天气的加剧作用及对策分析
The Aggravating Effect of Industrial “Great Migration” on Heavy Pollution Weather and Suggestions for Governance
  
DOI:10.16868/j.cnki.1674-6252.2019.05.026
中文关键词:  工业“大迁移”  重污染天气  大气污染  环境治理
英文关键词:the industrial “great migration”  heavy pollution weather  air pollution  environmental governance
基金项目:国家社会科学基金青年项目"我国区际产业梯度转移的生态效应及对策研究"(12CJY035)
作者单位
李敦瑞 中共上海市委党校, 上海 200233 
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中文摘要:
      重污染天气的产生从源头上看主要在于"人为"因素,而工业污染源在其中的作用显而易见。现阶段,工业在全国范围的"大迁移"正如火如荼地进行着,并对重污染天气的形成产生不容忽视的加剧作用。从作用机理上看,工业"大迁移"容易形成大量的废气排放集聚地,工业园区承接产业转移时成为重污染天气加剧的"发源地",而城市化进程的加快以及与自然作用的叠加都加剧了问题的严重性。基于此,本文以为应从治理的需要出发,除了已有的制度、措施外,还须完善跨区域协同治理,构建产业转移生态补偿机制;大力推进大气环境修复;加强欠发达地区和农村、城市郊区的环保基础设施建设,改进工业园区的环境管理模式;改善工业企业生存状况,引导公众有序参与大气污染治理。
英文摘要:
      Heavy pollution weather is mainly caused by "man-made" factors, and the role of industrial pollution sources is obvious. At the present stage, the "great migration" of industry across the country is in full swing, which plays an important role in the formation of heavy pollution weather. From the perspective of the action mechanism, a large number of exhaust emission agglomerations are likely to be formed by the "great industrial migration", and industrial parks become the "birthplace" of severe pollution weather when undertaking industrial transfer, while the acceleration of urbanization and the superposition of natural effects increase the severity of the problem. Based on this, starting from the need of governance, in addition to the existing system and measures, we must also take cross-regional coordination management mechanism, construct ecological compensation mechanism for industry transfer, promote the restoration of the atmospheric ecosystem, strengthen the construction of environmental protection infrastructure in underdeveloped areas and rural, improve the environmental management mode of industrial parks, improve the living conditions of industrial enterprises, and guide the public to participate in air pollution governance in an orderly manner.
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