方兰,李军.粮食安全视角下黄河流域生态保护与高质量发展[J].中国环境管理,2019,11(5):5-10
粮食安全视角下黄河流域生态保护与高质量发展
Ecological Protection and High Quality Development of the Yellow River Basin from the Perspective of Food Security
  
DOI:10.16868/j.cnki.1674-6252.2019.05.005
中文关键词:  黄河流域  生态保护  高质量发展  粮食安全
英文关键词:Yellow River Basin  ecological protection  high quality development  food security
基金项目:
作者单位
方兰 陕西师范大学西北历史环境与经济社会发展研究院, 陕西西安 710119 
李军 陕西师范大学西北历史环境与经济社会发展研究院, 陕西西安 710119 
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中文摘要:
      黄河流域是我国重要的生态功能区,是实现国家粮食安全的重点区域。本文梳理了近期黄河流域的相关研究,从粮食安全视角下分析了黄河流域现阶段在流域水效率、流域水管理机制、流域水生态文明三方面的问题,并提出了关于黄河流域大保护与高质量发展的两方面建议。一是创新流域水管理机制,服务国家粮食安全。积极改进水资源管理方式,加大节水宣传教育力度,加强黄河流域水土流失综合治理,合理调控水价,完善黄河流域水权市场建设。二是践行"两山"理论,提升流域水生态文明。建设"四大体系"和"七大区域",推进生态廊道建设;转变经济发展方式;提前布局水生态文明建设。
英文摘要:
      The Yellow River Basin is an important ecological function area in China and a key area for achieving national food security. This study sorts out the recent researches in the Yellow River Basin. From the perspective of food security, it points out that there are three problems in the Yellow River Basin at the present stage, which are water efficiency, water management mechanism, and water ecological civilization in the basin, and then puts forward corresponding development suggestions. The first is to innovate the water management mechanism of the basin to serve the national food security. The government needs to actively improve water resources management methods, increase water conservation publicity and education, strengthen the comprehensive management of water and soil loss in the Yellow River Basin, rationally regulate water prices, and improve the construction of water rights market for the Yellow River Basin. The second is to practice the "two mountains" theory and enhance the water ecological civilization of the basin. The government needs to build the "four major systems" and "seven major regions", promote the construction of ecological corridors, strengthen the construction of water ecological civilization by transforming the economic development mode, and lay out the construction of water ecological civilization in advance in the process of economic development.
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