解振华.中国改革开放40年生态环境保护的历史变革——从“三废”治理走向生态文明建设[J].中国环境管理,2019,11(4):5-10,16
中国改革开放40年生态环境保护的历史变革——从“三废”治理走向生态文明建设
China's Historical Evolution of Environmental Protection Along the Reform and Opening-up Over the Last Forty Years
  
DOI:10.16868/j.cnki.1674-6252.2019.04.005
中文关键词:  环境保护  历史变革  改革开放40年  中国环境历史  生态文明  美丽中国
英文关键词:environmental protection  historical evolution  forty years' reform and opening-up  China's environmental history  ecological civilization  beautiful China
基金项目:
作者单位
解振华 中国气候变化事务特别代表, 北京 100035 
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中文摘要:
      中国改革开放的40年也是生态环境保护管理体制不断改革和飞跃的40年。自1972年开展生态环境保护工作起,围绕着解决不同发展阶段突出环境问题的需要,每10年左右实现一次环境管理体制改革"大跨跃",不断改革、创新和发展了具有中国特色的生态环境保护治理体系与模式。坚持在发展中解决环境问题,以改善生态环境质量为核心,逐步构建了符合不同发展阶段特征的生态环境保护管理体系,包括完备的生态环境规划政策体系、完善的生态环境治理体系、完整的生态环境保护法律体系。在新时代中国特色社会主义建设过程中,应瞄准建设美丽中国的战略目标,立足中国、放眼世界,坚持绿色发展,做好顶层设计,构建生态环境管理体系新格局,共建清洁美丽世界。
英文摘要:
      Along with the forty years' reform and opening-up, China's ecological and environmental management system has been evolving continuously. Focused on the needs of solving prominent environmental issues at different stages of development, the work of environmental protection has been implemented in China since 1972. It has been reforming, innovating, evolving and has realizing a "great leap" in the reform of environmental institutional system in about every ten years, and has become the current framework of ecological and environmental governance with Chinese characteristics. China's environmental protection institutional system has been shaped with the characteristics of different phases of development, which has persisted in solving the environmental issues in the process of socio-economic development. Aiming at improving environmental quality, Chinese environmental governance framework comprised of a complete policy and planning system of ecological and environmental protection, a comprehensive ecological and environmental governance system, and a sound legal system of ecological and environmental protection has been gradually formed. To attain the goal of building a Beautiful China in the new era of developing socialism with Chinese characteristics, green development should be firmly performed and strategic framework should be well-designed. Applying to the domestic situation meanwhile keeping eyes fixed around the world, one should develop a new pattern of ecological and environmental management system and jointly build a clean and beautiful world.
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