梁赛,李雨萌,齐剑川,冯翠洋.基于全产业链视角实施生态资产管理[J].中国环境管理,2019,11(3):36-39
基于全产业链视角实施生态资产管理
Ecological Assets Management from the Whole Supply Chains Viewpoint
  
DOI:10.16868/j.cnki.1674-6252.2019.03.036
中文关键词:  生态资产  产业链  投入产出分析  产业生态
英文关键词:ecological assets  supply chains  input-output analysis  industrial ecology
基金项目:国家自然科学基金面上项目“磷循环网络稳健性的演化规律及管理策略研究”(71874014),国家自然科学基金创新研究群体项目“流域水环境、水生态与综合管理”(51721093),中央高校基本科研业务费专项资金资助(2018EYT09)。
作者单位
梁赛 北京师范大学环境学院, 北京 100875 
李雨萌 北京师范大学环境学院, 北京 100875 
齐剑川 北京师范大学环境学院, 北京 100875 
冯翠洋 中国石油大学(北京)经济管理学院, 北京 102249 
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中文摘要:
      生态资产是人类赖以生存的基本条件,当前研究尚未充分关注人类活动对生态资产的影响。本文从社会经济系统的全产业链视角出发,探讨产业链不同环节的生产消费活动对生态资产的影响以及所对应的不同政策内涵。分析结果表明,产业链的不同环节对应不同政策内涵,识别不同环节上的关键区域/行业能够为不同类型的政策决策指出着力点。初始投入环节的核算服务于人力资本投入行为的调控;初始生产环节的核算服务于末端控制手段,包括资源节约与污染物减排;中间生产环节和末端生产环节的核算服务于提升生产效率的政策手段;最终消费环节的核算服务于消费行为优化。最终得出应该从全产业链视角实施多环节生态资产管理的结论,并提出,为了从全产业链视角实施生态资产管理,应考虑建立一套标准化、全产业链视角的生态资产需求核算框架,建设支持全产业链视角核算生态资产需求的基础数据库,将全产业链视角管理生态资产的思维融入政策决策等建议。
英文摘要:
      Ecological assets are essential to human beings. However, impacts of anthropogenic activities on ecological assets have not been well characterized by existing studies. From the viewpoint of whole supply chains in socioeconomic systems, this study analyzes the impacts of anthropogenic activities at various stages of supply chains on ecological assets and discusses corresponding policy implications. We find that different stages of the supply chain path have different policy implications. Identifying critical regions and sectors in each stage of the supply chain path can provide hotspots for different types of policy decisions. The analysis from the primary input viewpoint can guide policy decisions on the optimization of labor and capital input behaviors; the analysis from the initial production viewpoint can help policy decisions on end-of-pipe control such as efficient resource utilization and pollutant removal; the analysis from the intermediate and final production viewpoints can provide hotspots for policy decisions on productivity improvement; and the analysis from the final consumption viewpoint can help the optimization of consumption behaviors. In order to manage ecological assets from the whole supply chains viewpoint, we need to establish a standardized supply-chain-based accounting framework for ecological asserts requirements of socioeconomic systems, construct a database supporting this accounting framework, and take supply-chain-based ecological asserts management into account during policy decision processes.
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