王玉涛,俞华军,王成栋,解伟.生态资产核算与生态补偿机制研究[J].中国环境管理,2019,11(3):31-35
生态资产核算与生态补偿机制研究
Ecological Assets Accounting and Ecological Compensation Mechanism: A Systematic Review
  
DOI:10.16868/j.cnki.1674-6252.2019.03.031
中文关键词:  生态资产  生态补偿  生态系统服务  自然资源  可持续发展
英文关键词:ecological assets  ecological compensation  ecosystem services  natural resources  sustainable development
基金项目:国家自然科学基金面上项目“基于空间流转与代谢网络的城市群生态资产评估核算与补偿机制研究”(71774032)。
作者单位
王玉涛 复旦大学环境科学与工程系, 上海 200438 
俞华军 复旦大学环境科学与工程系, 上海 200438 
王成栋 复旦大学环境科学与工程系, 上海 200438 
解伟 复旦大学环境科学与工程系, 上海 200438 
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中文摘要:
      生态资产是实现人类可持续发展的重要基础,如何科学评估和核算生态资产并建立生态补偿机制具有重要的学术价值与现实意义。本文从厘清生态资产的概念与范畴出发,梳理了有关生态资产核算方法与生态补偿机制的研究进展,并对下一步研究的重点提出了相关建议。本文认为,加强城市群生态资产相关研究很有必要,建议从生态资产空间流转与代谢的视角出发,综合考虑宏观方法与微观方法相结合,定量化评估生态资产的存量和流量,刻画生态资产的空间流转路径与代谢网络关系,深入分析关键利益相关方的价值偏好,构建市场化生态资产补偿机制,为实现生态资产合理利用提供重要的理论参考与实证参照。
英文摘要:
      Ecological assets play an important role in supporting the sustainable development of mankind. There is of great academic and practical significance to scientifically account for ecological assets and establish ecological compensation mechanisms. Starting from clarifying the concept and scope of ecological assets, this paper reviewed the research progress of ecological assets accounting methods and ecological compensation mechanisms, and then proposed relevant suggestions for future research. This study suggested that, first, strengthening the research in the field of urban ecological assets, especially from the perspective of spatial transfer and metabolism of ecological assets; Second, comprehensively integrating macro and micro methods, which help to quantify the stocks and flows of ecological capital and describe the spatial circulation pathway and metabolic network of ecological capital; Third, thoroughly analyzing preferences of key stakeholders and establishing market-based ecological compensation mechanism, which provide important theoretical references and empirical evidences for the sustainable use of ecological assets.
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