王舒鸿,郭越,李逸超,宋马林.城市海岸带环境管理模式优化研究——以青岛市胶州湾为例[J].中国环境管理,2019,11(2):69-75,79
城市海岸带环境管理模式优化研究——以青岛市胶州湾为例
Optimization of Urban Coastal Zone Environmental Management Model——Taking Jiaozhou Bay in Qingdao as An Example
  
DOI:10.16868/j.cnki.1674-6252.2019.02.069
中文关键词:  城市海岸带  管理模式  多维耦合系统  系统动力学
英文关键词:urban coastal zone  management model  multidimensional coupling system  system dynamics
基金项目:青岛市社会科学规划项目“青岛市海洋环境与经济发展研究”(QDSKL1801016)。
作者单位
王舒鸿 中国海洋大学经济学院, 山东青岛 266100 
郭越 中国海洋大学经济学院, 山东青岛 266100 
李逸超 中国海洋大学经济学院, 山东青岛 266100 
宋马林 安徽财经大学统计与应用数学学院, 安徽蚌埠 233030 
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中文摘要:
      我国的海洋污染日益严重,政府加大海洋环境保护力度势在必行。科学、有效的海洋环境管理对保护环境、提高资源利用效率起着非常重要的作用。但海洋环境并不是一维线性的系统,涉及系统的多维耦合,而海岸带又是与人类活动息息相关的重要部分。本文尝试以青岛市胶州湾海岸带环境管理模式为例,构建包含有“经济-人口-资源-环境-安全-行政(EPRESA)”六个子系统的多维耦合系统模型,并绘制出总流图,然后以此为管理模式的优化提供前提性分析,提出海岸带综合管理模式优化的对策建议。本研究认为,要改善现有的海岸带环境管理体系,应该制定综合性管理政策,建立可持续的融资机制,推进海岸带灾害与风险管理以及引导利益相关者参与管理。
英文摘要:
      As China's marine pollution becomes increasingly serious, it is imperative for the government to strengthen marine environmental protection. Scientific and effective marine environmental management plays an important role in protecting the environment, utilizing resources and improving efficiency. However, the marine environment is not just a one-dimensional linear system, which is bound to involve the multi-dimensional coupling of the system, and the coastal zone is an important part closely related to human activities. Taking the coastal zone environmental management model of Jiaozhou Bay in Qingdao as an example, the study attempts to construct a multi-dimensional coupling system model including six subsystems of "economypopulation-resources-environment-security-administration (EPRESA)", draws a general flow chart, and then provides a prerequisite analysis for optimization of the management model, and proposes countermeasures and suggestions for rationale optimization of coastal zone integrated management system. It is believed that in order to improve the existing coastal environmental management system, comprehensive management policies should be formulated, sustainable fnancing mechanism should be established, coastal disaster and risk management should be promoted, and stakeholders should be guided to participate in management.
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