贾小梅,董旭辉,于奇,王亚男.我国农业农村污染治理与监管体系主要问题及对策建议[J].中国环境管理,2019,11(2):10-13,17
我国农业农村污染治理与监管体系主要问题及对策建议
Rural Agriculture Pollution Control and Supervision System in China—Problems and Countermeasures
  
DOI:10.16868/j.cnki.1674-6252.2019.02.010
中文关键词:  农村环境保护  污染治理  环境监管
英文关键词:rural environmental protection  pollution control  environmental supervision
基金项目:
作者单位E-mail
贾小梅 生态环境部环境发展中心, 北京 100029  
董旭辉 生态环境部环境发展中心, 北京 100029 dongxuhui@edcmep.org.cn 
于奇 生态环境部环境发展中心, 北京 100029  
王亚男 生态环境部环境工程评估中心, 北京 100012  
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中文摘要:
      我国农村环保工作起步晚、基础差、保障不足,主要表现为政策标准体系尚需完善、农业农村污染治理责任仍未充分落实、适应农村社会经济特点的环境监管机制亟待建立、农业农村污染治理模式欠缺以及农村环境保护技术帮扶和宣传教育任重道远。针对这些问题,结合国内外实践经验,本文提出几点建议:一是要建立全面协调的农村生态环境管理政策体系;二是要夯实各级政府和部门的农村环保责任;三是要构建适应农村特点的环境监管体系;四是要探索便捷有效的农村环境治理模式;五是要完善农村环境教育和帮扶体系。
英文摘要:
      China's rural environmental protection work started late, has a poor foundation and insufcient security, mainly manifested in the imperfection of the policy standard system, the insufcient implementation of the responsibility of pollution control in agricultural and rural areas, the urgent need to establish an environmental supervision mechanism adapted to the social and economic characteristics of rural areas, the serious shortage of convenient and effective mode of pollution control in agricultural and rural areas. There is a long way to go for environmental protection technology assistance and publicity and education. In view of these problems, combined with practical experience at home and abroad, this paper puts forward corresponding countermeasures and suggestions:frst, to establish a comprehensive and coordinated rural ecological environment management policy system; second, to consolidate the rural environmental protection responsibility of governments and departments at all levels; third, to build an environmental supervision system adapted to rural characteristics; fourth, to explore convenience and efcient governance mode; the ffth is to improve the rural environmental education and support system.
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