余慧容,郑钰,杜鹏飞.“一带一路”倡议下跨境流域生态补偿——国际经验与中国对策[J].中国环境管理,2018,10(6):69-74
“一带一路”倡议下跨境流域生态补偿——国际经验与中国对策
Transboundary Basin Eco-compensation Under the “Belt and Road” Initiative: Learning from International Experience
  
DOI:10.16868/j.cnki1674-6252.2018.06.069
中文关键词:  生态补偿  跨境流域  一带一路  生态系统  命运共同体
英文关键词:eco-compensation  transboundary  basin  the belt and road  community with a shared future
基金项目:国家重点研发计划项目"粮食与食品双安全战略下的自然资源持续利用与环境治理"(2016YFE0103100)。
作者单位E-mail
余慧容 环境模拟与污染控制国家重点联合实验室, 清华大学环境学院, 北京 100084  
郑钰 环境模拟与污染控制国家重点联合实验室, 清华大学环境学院, 北京 100084  
杜鹏飞 环境模拟与污染控制国家重点联合实验室, 清华大学环境学院, 北京 100084 dupf@tsinghua.edu.cn 
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中文摘要:
      跨境流域生态补偿机制的构建,是实现"一带一路"倡议目标的重要基础,有助于化解资源冲突、协调区域发展、增进利益协同,进而增强政治互信,加快经济融合,提升文化包容,推进命运共同体构建。本文基于对西方国家跨境流域生态补偿研究与实践的梳理,总结归纳出西方跨境流域生态补偿中强调流域生态系统分析、注重不同付费原则相互配搭、重视双/多边协商、建立多层次综合管理体系等经验。在此基础上,针对现阶段中国跨境流域生态补偿所面临的挑战,提出加强跨境协商合作平台建设、重视对跨境流域生态系统研究以及构建多层次协同管理体系等应对措施。
英文摘要:
      Transboundary basin eco-compensation is one of the imperative elements for "Belt and Road" initiative. The construction of transboundary basin eco-compensation will help resolve resource conflicts, enhance mutual political trust, coordinate regional development, speed up economic integration, enhance synergy of interests, increase cultural inclusiveness and promote the community of shared interests, destiny and responsibility. Learning from international experience on transboundary basin payment for ecosystem service, this paper proposes some pathways to meet the challenges of transboundary basin eco-compensation in China, including establishment of platforms for intergovernmental consultation and cooperation, promotion of researches on ecosystems of transboundary basins and construction of multi-level transboundary eco-compensation management system.
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