海骏娇,曾刚.年度城市环境事件评选:方法、评析及启示[J].中国环境管理,2018,10(4):56-60
年度城市环境事件评选:方法、评析及启示
Methods, Analysis and Revelation for the Selection of Annual Urban Environmental Events
  
DOI:10.16868/j.cnki.1674-6252.2018.04.056
中文关键词:  年度城市环境事件  评选方法  报刊数据库  典型案例
英文关键词:annual urban environmental events  selection methods  newspaper database  typical case
基金项目:国家重点研发计划重点专项(2016YFC0502701);国家社会科学重大项目(10ZD&016);国家自然科学基金项目(41071093)。
作者单位E-mail
海骏娇 华东师范大学中国现代城市研究中心/城市与区域科学学院, 上海 200062  
曾刚 华东师范大学中国现代城市研究中心/城市与区域科学学院, 上海 200062 gzeng@re.ecnu.edu.cn 
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中文摘要:
      政府和民众对于城市环境事件的关注越来越高,树立典型是激励良性发展的有效手段。为了提高年度城市环境事件评选的科学性和合理性,本文提出定量和定性相结合的评选方法,包含事件收集、事件筛选、事件评定三个阶段。在此基础上,对2016年度中国城市环境保护十大事件进行了评选,无锡、贵溪、三亚、珠海的案例分别代表了水、土、气、生4个专项领域环境治理和保护的先进典型;杭州、深圳、三沙的案例分别体现了以大型赛事活动为契机开展城市综合环境整治的先进经验,以及市场化的治理手段和生态技术对于城市综合治理的重要性;上海(崇明)、重庆、鄂尔多斯(库布齐地区)代表了因地制宜的区域生态文明发展模式。通过案例分析,得出如下启示:提升环境治理成效应该兼顾责任制、市场化、民主化的管理模式创新和各种技术创新;生态环境要素应该被视为城市发展的新兴增长点;城市环境保护行为具有发展和再分配双重属性,环保行为的发展属性仍有待于继续普及,而先行城市应该借鉴典型经验,积极探索通过环境保护实现经济发展的新模式。
英文摘要:
      The government and citizens are paying more and more attention to the urban environmental events. Setting a positive role model is an effective way to encourage healthy development. In order to improve the scientificalness and rationality of the annual urban environmental event selection, this paper proposes a combination of quantitative and qualitative selection methods, including three stages:event collection, event screening, and event evaluation. On this basis, the selection of top ten environmental protection events in Chinese cities in 2016 was conducted. The cases in Wuxi, Guixi, Sanya, and Zhuhai represented advanced models of environmental governance and protection in four special fields of water, soil, air and ecology, respectively. The cases of Hangzhou, Shenzhen and Sansha reflected the positive outcome of large-scale sporting events as an opportunity to carry out comprehensive urban environmental renovation, and the importance of market-oriented governance methods and ecological technologies for comprehensive urban governance; Events in Chongming District of Shanghai, Chongqing, Kubuqi of Ordos represent a regional development model of ecological civilization that takes advantage of native characteristics. Through case studies, the following revelations exist:we must harmonize between the accountability system, marketization, and democratization of management model innovations and various technological innovations to improve the effectiveness of environmental governance; ecological environmental factors should be considered as new growth points for urban development; urban environmental protection activities exhibits the dual nature of development and redistribution, the development attributes of environmental protection behavior still requires more efforts to promote, while vanguard cities should draw on typical experiences and actively explore the characteristic path of realizing economic benefits through environmental protection.
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