董战峰,周全,郭凌寒,吴琼.基于经济普查引入EGSS统计框架的可行性分析[J].中国环境管理,2018,10(4):35-41
基于经济普查引入EGSS统计框架的可行性分析
Feasibility of Introducing EGSS Framework Through National Economic Census
  
DOI:10.16868/j.cnki.1674-6252.2018.04.035
中文关键词:  环境货物和服务部门  环保产业统计  统计制度  经济普查  可行性
英文关键词:environmental goods and services sector  environmental industry statistics  statistic system  economic census  feasibility
基金项目:本文得到联合国环境规划署项目“中国建立基于EGSS的环保产业统计框架研究(二期)”以及中央财政资金项目“典型地区环境货物和服务部门(EGSS)统计框架试点示范研究”资助。
作者单位E-mail
董战峰 生态环境部环境规划院, 北京 100012  
周全 生态环境部环境规划院, 北京 100012 zhouquan@caep.org.cn 
郭凌寒 重庆市统计局, 重庆 400060  
吴琼 世界自然基金会(瑞士)北京代表处, 北京 100037  
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中文摘要:
      环境货物和服务部门(EGSS)统计框架是由欧盟统计署研究制定的、用于收集和整理环境产品与服务相关统计数据的方法,已经被联合国统计署纳入“环境经济统计体系(SEEA)”中,成为一项国际统计标准。中国的经济普查工作在数据采集方式上与EGSS具有较好的一致性,本文主要对我国的经济普查与EGSS统计框架进行比较研究,探索从经济普查表核算EGSS数据的方法和思路。结果表明:经济普查可作为常规统计口径核算EGSS数据的一个切入点,但是需要在数据连续性、行业小类划分、统计的经济指标范围方面进行衔接融合;基于经济普查数据引进EGSS统计框架可采取分阶段推进方式。
英文摘要:
      The statistical framework of the environmental goods and service sector (EGSS) is a method developed by Eurostat and used for the collection and collation of relevant statistics. The EGSS statistic framework has been incorporated by the United Nations Statistics Division (UNSD) into the "System of Integrated Environmental and Economic Accounting (SEEA)" to become an international statistic standard. China's economic census has good consistency with EGSS on data acquisition. This article comparative analyzed the statistics framework of China's economic census and EGSS, explored the method and thought of reviewing EGSS data according to the base forms of the national economic census. The results showed that:China's economic census can sort out environmental goods and services data at the sub-categories level, and thus can be used as an attempt to calculate EGSS data by conventional accounting channel, but it still requires the link-up and integration of three aspects:data continuity, industry subdivision, and range of accounting economic indicators. Then a "phased and gradual" manner was recommended to gradually introduce EGSS Framework through economic census in China.
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