郝亮,李颖明,张丛林,赵梓霖.耕地重金属污染治理政策与利益相关者互馈机制实证研究——基于某试点区的调研[J].中国环境管理,2018,10(4):21-27
耕地重金属污染治理政策与利益相关者互馈机制实证研究——基于某试点区的调研
An Empirical Study on the Control Policy of Heavy Metal Pollution and Stakeholders' Feedback Mechanism in Cultivated Land: the Investigation from a Pilot
  
DOI:10.16868/j.cnki.1674-6252.2018.04.021
中文关键词:  耕地重金属污染治理政策  利益相关者  政策过程  互馈机制  试点区
英文关键词:farmland's heavy metal pollution control policy  stakeholders  policy process  feedback mechanism  pilot
基金项目:农业部公益性行业(农业)科研专项项目子课题“农业种植结构调整激励补偿政策研究与示范”(201403014-6)。
作者单位E-mail
郝亮 生态环境部环境与经济政策研究中心, 北京 100029  
李颖明 中国科学院科技战略咨询研究院, 北京 100190
中国科学院大学公共政策与管理学院, 北京 100049 
liyingming@mail.casipm.ac.cn 
张丛林 中国科学院科技战略咨询研究院, 北京 100190  
赵梓霖 浙江大学管理学院, 杭州 310058  
摘要点击次数: 233
全文下载次数: 202
中文摘要:
      基于利益相关者和政策过程理论,以某地耕地重金属污染治理试点为案例,对农业主管部门、环境主管部门、粮食收储部门、科研单位、农资生产商、农资流通主体、农户以及新型农业经营主体等八类利益相关者的利益诉求、行为特征以及与政策的相互影响进行了深入分析。研究表明,不同相关者的利益诉求和行为特征构成了试点区错综复杂的治理格局。在政策过程中,农业主管部门的主导作用明显,存在着因有效互动不足造成的政策制定缺乏共识,政策执行成本较高、阻力较大,政策评估有待完善等问题。虽然现行政策在一定程度上调动了除部分农资流通主体外其余利益相关者的积极性,但尚未形成利益相关者共同治理且与政策良性互馈的局面,需从政策过程视角加以完善。
英文摘要:
      With stakeholder and policy process theory, the interest demand, behavioral characteristics and interaction with the policy of agricultural administrative department, environment administrative department, grain storage department, research institutes, agricultural producers, agricultural resources dealers, farmers and new agricultural management subject in a pilot were deeply analyzed. The results showed that the interest demands and behavioral characteristics of different stakeholders constitute the intricate governance patterns. During the policy process, the leading role of agricultural authorities is obviously. However, there are still shortcomings because of less effective interaction need to be improved, such as lack of consensus on policy-making, higher cost and greater resistance in policy implementation, as well as deviations and imperfections in policy assessment. Although it has aroused the enthusiasm of stakeholders which except agricultural resources dealers, there has not yet been a situation in which stakeholders have co-governed and positive feedback with policy, it needs to be improved from the perspective of policy process.
HTML  查看全文  查看/发表评论  下载PDF阅读器
关闭