鲁圣鹏,杜欢政,杨静山,陈健文.政府购买垃圾分类减量促进服务实现路径研究—以广州市荔湾区西村街道为例[J].中国环境管理,2018,10(3):77-83
政府购买垃圾分类减量促进服务实现路径研究—以广州市荔湾区西村街道为例
The Realization Path of Government Purchasing the Service of Facilitating Classification and Reduction of Municipal Solid Waste: a Case from the West Village Street in Liwan District, Guangzhou
  
DOI:10.16868/j.cnki.1674-6252.2018.03.077
中文关键词:  城市生活垃圾  政府购买  社会组织  促进服务  实现路径
英文关键词:municipal solid waste  government purchase  social organization  facilitating service  realization path
基金项目:本研究得到国家社会科学基金重大项目“环境治理的市场化制度与社会化共治体系研究(15ZDC030)”、江苏省社会科学规划项目“农村生活垃圾协同治理模式及其制度创新研究”(16YJ30)、东华理工大学科研基金“零废弃物”下的城市废弃物资源化共生网络形成机制研究(DHBK2017117)、江西省教育厅科技项目“基于‘两网融合’的城市生活垃圾协同管理模式研究(GJJ160546)”的支持。
作者单位E-mail
鲁圣鹏 东华理工大学建筑工程学院, 江西南昌 330013  
杜欢政 同济大学循环经济研究所, 上海 200092 DHZ0403@126.com 
杨静山 广州市分类得环境管理有限公司, 广东广州 510160  
陈健文 广州市分类得环境管理有限公司, 广东广州 510160  
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中文摘要:
      实现城市生活垃圾分类减量,是构建循环型社会的首要环节。针对政府中心运作模式与市场运作模式存在的弊端,认为城市生活垃圾管理,可采取政府购买社会组织垃圾分类减量促进服务模式。基于制度经济学理论与垃圾管理实践,重点探讨政府购买服务的相关主体、购买形式与运作过程,明晰社会组织与政府的职责以及确立其运作机制;最后通过广州荔湾区西村街道实践,验证其运作效果。研究表明,该模式是治理城市生活垃圾一种行之有效的模式,对破解“垃圾围城”、开发城市矿山以及推动城市生态文明建设具有重要意义。
英文摘要:
      It is the primary link of establishing circular society to achieve the classification and reduction of municipal solid waste (MSW). In view of the limitation of government operation mode and market operation mode, it is thought that the mode of government purchasing social organization's service can be applied to facilitate MSW classification and reduction. Based on the theory of institutional economics and the practice of MSW management, it was focused on relevant subjects, purchase patterns and operation process of government purchase service of facilitating MSW classification and reduction; responsibilities of the social organization and government sectors were clearly defined and its operating mechanisms were analyzed. Finally, the operation effect was validated by the practice of the West Village Street in Liwan District, Guangzhou. The results showed that the mode is feasible and effective to govern MWS; it is of great significance to solve MSW problem, develop urban mines and establish urban ecological civilization.
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