张丛林,张爽,杨威杉,郝亮,乔海娟.福建生态文明试验区全面推行河长制评估研究[J].中国环境管理,2018,10(3):59-64
福建生态文明试验区全面推行河长制评估研究
Evaluation on the River Leader Policy of Fujian Ecological Civilization Experimental Area
  
DOI:10.16868/j.cnki.1674-6252.2018.03.059
中文关键词:  生态文明试验区  河长制  指标  评估  建议
英文关键词:ecological civilization experimental area  river leader policy  index  evaluation  suggestion
基金项目:国家自然科学基金青年基金项目(71503245);中国科学院科技战略咨询研究院院长青年基金项目(Y7X1101Q01);中国科学院战略研究与决策支持系统建设专项项目(Y600771601)。
作者单位E-mail
张丛林 中国科学院科技战略咨询研究院, 北京 100190 zhangconglin@casisd.cn 
张爽 中国水利水电科学研究院, 北京 100038  
杨威杉 中国科学院科技战略咨询研究院, 北京 100190
生态环境部环境规划院, 北京 100012 
 
郝亮 生态环境部环境与经济政策研究中心, 北京 100029  
乔海娟 水利部农村电气化研究所, 浙江杭州 310012  
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中文摘要:
      河长制是由各级党政主要负责人担任河长、负责辖区内河湖全面管理的机制性安排。福建生态文明试验区在全面推行河长制过程中,面临部分改革工作进展缓慢、效果不如预期等问题,亟待进行全面评估。本文剖析了河长制在生态文明试验区建设中的地位和作用,甄别了河长制与相关政策的逻辑联系,从政策过程的制定和执行阶段出发,通过指标法进行评估。所构建的指标体系包括一级指标2个、二级指标5个、三级指标39个,并给出各级指标权重,制定相应的评估标准。从得分情况来看,福建省全面推行河长制总分为0.90分,评估结果为优秀;从一级指标评估结果来看,政策执行阶段总体好于政策制定阶段;从二级指标得分来看,长效执行机制评估结果为良好,方案制定的评估结果为合格,其余为优秀;从三级指标得分来看,优良率达71.79%。在此基础上,从法律法规、政策协同、跨省协调、任务统筹、管护手段、社会参与等方面指出了存在的问题,并提出了有针对性的对策建议。
英文摘要:
      The river leader policy is a mechanism of river management. The main party or government leaders at all levels are taken as river leaders. Implementation of the river leader policy in Fujian ecological civilization experimental area, there are some problems about progress and effect. It is very necessary to conduct a comprehensive evaluation on the policy. Analyzing the position and function of the river leader policy in ecological civilization experimental area, the logical connections between the river leader policy and other related policies were explained. The evaluation index system was built from the stages of policy making and policy implementation. The evaluation index system included:two first level indexes, five second level indexes, and 39 third level indexes. Not only the weights of indexes at all levels were given, but also the evaluation criteria were made. Evaluation results show that:the total score was 0.90, achieving excellent; in the aspect of first level index, the result of policy implementation was better than that of policy making; in the aspect of second level index, the results of long term implementation mechanism and scheme making were good and qualified; in the aspect of third level index, the excellent and good rate was 71.79%. On this basis, the challenges of laws and regulations, policy coordination, interprovincial collaboration, task arrangement, management measures, social participation were pointed out. Some targeted suggestions were put forward.
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