沈峥,刘洪波,张亚雷.中国“厕所革命”的现状、问题及其对策思考[J].中国环境管理,2018,10(2):45-48
中国“厕所革命”的现状、问题及其对策思考
The Current Situation, Issues and Strategies of “Toilet Revolution” in China
  
DOI:10.16868/j.cnki.1674-6252.2018.02.045
中文关键词:  厕所革命  美丽乡村  乡村振兴  对策
英文关键词:toilet revolution  beautiful China  rural revitalization  strategies
基金项目:国家自然科学基金(21676205,51625804);中央高校基本科研业务费专项资金资助项目(2870219028)。
作者单位E-mail
沈峥 同济大学新农村发展研究院, 上海 200092  
刘洪波 上海理工大学环境与建筑学院, 上海 200093  
张亚雷 同济大学新农村发展研究院, 上海 200092
同济大学环境科学与工程学院, 上海 200092 
zhangyalei@tongji.edu.cn 
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中文摘要:
      “厕所革命”是涉及厕所污染物的收集、贮存、运输、处理、处置、利用等过程的生态链工程,强调物质、能量系统、污染物处理、污水回用的闭路循环,已成为我国乡村振兴、旅游发展、智能化产业战略的重要组成部分;目前,全世界范围内厕所卫生状况不容乐观,特别是一些农村地区和欠发达地区。在充分研究国内外“厕所革命”现状的基础上,结合我国国情以及未来发展规划,深入分析目前我国卫生厕所所面临的各种问题和挑战,并提出相对应的对策。
英文摘要:
      "Toilet Revolution" is an ecological chain engineering involved in the collection, storage, transportation, treatment, disposal and utilization of toilet pollutants, which emphasizes closed cycle among material, energy system, contaminants treatment and wastewater recycling. Thereby "Toilet Revolution" has become an important part of rural revitalization, tourism development and intelligent industrial strategy. At present, the toilet sanitation is not optimistic among the world, especially in some rural areas and underdeveloped regions. To implement the requirements of rural and tourism toilet revolution and of building a community of shared future, we reflect on the problems of traditional toilet processing system. Based on the full researches on "Toilet Revolution" of the world and combined with national conditions and future development plannings of China, the problems and challenges of sanitary toilets in our country were analyzed and the corresponding strategies were raised here.
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