国家环境经济政策研究与试点项目技术组.国家环境经济政策进展评估报告:2017[J].中国环境管理,2018,10(2):14-18
国家环境经济政策进展评估报告:2017
Assessment of the Environmental Economic Policy Practice in China: 2017
  
DOI:10.16868/j.cnki.1674-6252.2018.02.014
中文关键词:  环境经济政策  中国  2017  进展  评估
英文关键词:environmental economic policy  China  2017  annual progress  assessment
基金项目:研究得到国家环境经济政策研究与试点项目支持
作者单位
国家环境经济政策研究与试点项目技术组 生态环境部环境规划院, 北京 100012 
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中文摘要:
      环境经济政策是生态文明建设的重要组成部分,是实现绿色发展的核心政策之一,创新运用环境经济政策受到高度重视。经过多年的探索发展,我国已经基本建立了自上而下与自下而上相结合的环境经济政策体系。为了更好地为有关决策和政策制定提供定量化信息,提高政策设计和决策的科学性,本文采取实地调研法和政策分析方法,对2017年度我国重点环境经济政策的年度进展进行了系统评估,并指出了下一步环境经济政策改革需要解决的关键问题。总体上看,2017年是环境经济政策建设取得重要进展的一年,环境税费、生态补偿、绿色金融等政策取得了阶段性突破,但是我国的环境经济政策体系仍不够完善,服务于生态文明建设以及环境质量改善的环境经济政策仍然存在结构性短缺,因此,应积极推进环保投融资、生态环境补偿等环境经济政策的创新运用,为环境质量改善、生态文明建设提供长效机制保障。
英文摘要:
      Environmental economic policy is an important part of the ecological civilization construction, and is one of the core policies for implementing the green development. Innovative application of environmental economic policy is highly valued. After years of exploration and development, China has basically established a top-down and bottom-up combination of environmental economic policy system. In order to better provide quantitative information for related decision and policy making, and to improve the scientificalness of policy design and decision-making, this paper assessed and analyzed the annual progress, achievements and problems of the key environmental economic policy in 2017 with a comprehensive usage of the on-the-spot investigation method, the policy tracing method and the policy statistical analysis method, and then pointed out the key issues that need to be solved in the next step of environmental and economic policy reform. Overall, 2017 is a year in which important progress has been made in the construction of environmental economic policy. The environmental tax policy, ecological compensation, green finance have made phased breakthrough. However, China's environmental economic policy system is still not perfect, and there is still a structural shortage of environmental economic policies that serve ecological civilization construction and environmental quality improvement. Therefore, it is need to actively promote the innovation use of the environmental protection investment and financing, the ecological environment compensation and so on, to provide a long-term mechanism for the environment quality improvement and ecological civilization construction.
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